Cortical suppression to delayed self-initiated auditory stimuli in schizotypy

Oestreich, Lena K. L., Mifsud, Nathan G., Ford, Judith M., Roach, Brian J., Mathalon, Daniel H. and Whitford, Thomas J. (2016) Cortical suppression to delayed self-initiated auditory stimuli in schizotypy. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 47 1: 3-10. doi:10.1177/1550059415581708

Author Oestreich, Lena K. L.
Mifsud, Nathan G.
Ford, Judith M.
Roach, Brian J.
Mathalon, Daniel H.
Whitford, Thomas J.
Title Cortical suppression to delayed self-initiated auditory stimuli in schizotypy
Journal name Clinical EEG and Neuroscience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2169-5202
Publication date 2016-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1550059415581708
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 47
Issue 1
Start page 3
End page 10
Total pages 8
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher SAGE Publications
Language eng
Abstract Schizophrenia patients have been shown to exhibit subnormal levels of electrophysiological suppression to self-initiated, button press elicited sounds. These self-suppression deficits have been shown to improve following the imposition of a subsecond delay between the button press and the evoked sound. The current study aimed to investigate whether nonclinical individuals who scored highly on the personality dimension of schizotypy would exhibit similar patterns of self-suppression abnormalities to those exhibited in schizophrenia. Thirty-nine nonclinical individuals scoring above the median (High Schizotypy) and 41 individuals scoring below the median (Low Schizotypy) on the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) underwent electroencephalographic recording. The amplitude of the N1-component was calculated while participants (1) listened to tones initiated by a willed button press and played back with varying delay periods between the button press and the tone (Active conditions) and (2) passively listened to a series of tones (Listen condition). N1-suppression was calculated by subtracting the amplitude of the N1-component of the auditory evoked potential in the Active condition from that of the Listen condition, while controlling for the activity evoked by the button press per se. The Low Schizotypy group exhibited significantly higher levels of N1-suppression to undelayed tones compared to the High Schizotypy group. Furthermore, while N1-suppression was found to decrease linearly with increasing delays between the button press and the tone in the Low Schizotypy group, this was not the case in the High Schizotypy group. The findings of this study suggest that nonclinical, highly schizotypal individuals exhibit subnormal levels of N1-suppression to undelayed self-initiated tones and an abnormal pattern of N1-suppression to delayed self-initiated tones. To the extent that these results are similar to those previously reported in patients with schizophrenia, these findings provide support for the existence of a neurophysiological "continuum of psychosis".
Keyword Continuum of psychosis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
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