Can anticipatory skills be learned through implicit video-based perceptual training?

Farrow, D. and Abernethy, B. (2002) Can anticipatory skills be learned through implicit video-based perceptual training?. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20 6: 471-485. doi:10.1080/02640410252925143


Author Farrow, D.
Abernethy, B.
Title Can anticipatory skills be learned through implicit video-based perceptual training?
Journal name Journal of Sports Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0264-0414
Publication date 2002-01-01
Year available 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02640410252925143
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 20
Issue 6
Start page 471
End page 485
Total pages 15
Editor A. Nevill
Place of publication Abingdon, UK
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Language eng
Subject C1
380102 Learning, Memory, Cognition and Language
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Abstract The aim of this experiment was to determine the effectiveness of two video-based perceptual training approaches designed to improve the anticipatory skills of junior tennis players. Players were assigned equally to an explicit learning group, an implicit learning group, a placebo group or a control group. A progressive temporal occlusion paradigm was used to examine, before and after training, the ability of the players to predict the direction of an opponent's service in an in-vivo on-court setting. The players responded either through hitting a return stroke or making a verbal prediction of stroke direction. Results revealed that the implicit learning group, whose training required them to predict serve speed direction while viewing temporally occluded video footage of the return-of-serve scenario, significantly improved their prediction accuracy after the training intervention. However, this training effect dissipated after a 32 day unfilled retention interval. The explicit learning group, who received instructions about the specific aspects of the pre-contact service kinematics that are informative with respect to service direction, did not demonstrate any significant performance improvements after the intervention. This, together with the absence of any significant improvements for the placebo and control groups, demonstrated that the improvement observed for the implicit learning group was not a consequence of either expectancy or familiarity effects.
Keyword Sport Sciences
Anticipation
Expertise
Implicit Learning
Perceptual Training
Tennis
Intermediate Tennis Players
Complex Motor Skill
Tacit Knowledge
Know-how
Explicit
Sport
Information
Acquisition
Novice
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:58:53 EST