Interlabial contact pressures exhibited in dysarthria following traumatic brain injury during speech and nonspeech tasks

Goozee, JV, Murdoch, BE and Theodoros, DG (2002) Interlabial contact pressures exhibited in dysarthria following traumatic brain injury during speech and nonspeech tasks. Folia Phoniatrica Et Logopaedica, 54 4: 177-189. doi:10.1159/000063191


Author Goozee, JV
Murdoch, BE
Theodoros, DG
Title Interlabial contact pressures exhibited in dysarthria following traumatic brain injury during speech and nonspeech tasks
Journal name Folia Phoniatrica Et Logopaedica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1021-7762
Publication date 2002-01-01
Year available 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1159/000063191
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 54
Issue 4
Start page 177
End page 189
Total pages 13
Editor H. K. Schutte
Place of publication Switzerland
Publisher S. Karger AG
Language eng
Subject C1
321025 Rehabilitation and Therapy - Hearing and Speech
730111 Hearing, vision, speech and their disorders
730303 Occupational, speech and physiotherapy
Abstract A miniature pressure transducer was used to assess the interlabial contact pressures produced by a group of 19 adults (mean age 30.6 years) with dysarthria following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) during a set of speech and nonspeech tasks. Ten parameters relating to lip strength, endurance, rate of movement and lip pressure accuracy and stability were measured from the nonspeech tasks. The results attained by the TBI group were compared against a group of 19 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Significant differences between the groups were found for maximum interlabial contact pressure, maximum rate of repetition of maximum pressure, and lip pressure accuracy at 50 and 10% levels of maximum pressure. In regards to speech, the interlabial contact pressures generated by the TBI group and control group did not differ significantly. When expressed as percentages of maximum pressure, however, the TBI group's interlabial pressures appeared to have been generated with greater physiological effort. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Keyword Rehabilitation
Lips
Pressure
Dysarthria
Traumatic Brain Injury
Force Control
Speakers
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:31:46 EST