Patterns of change and stability in the gender division of household labour in Australia, 1986-1997

Baxter, J. H. (2002) Patterns of change and stability in the gender division of household labour in Australia, 1986-1997. Journal of Sociology, 38 4: 399-424. doi:10.1177/144078302128756750

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Author Baxter, J. H.
Title Patterns of change and stability in the gender division of household labour in Australia, 1986-1997
Journal name Journal of Sociology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-8690
Publication date 2002-01-01
Year available 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/144078302128756750
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 38
Issue 4
Start page 399
End page 424
Total pages 25
Editor B. Martin
M. Zadoroznyj
Place of publication London, UK
Publisher Sage Publ
Language eng
Subject C1
370107 Social Change
750303 Gender
Abstract Recent research in Australia and overseas has suggested that we are witnessing a convergence of men's and women's time on domestic labour activities. But there is disagreement about whether this is due to women reducing their time on housework or men increasing their time on housework. This article addresses these issues using national survey data collected in Australia in 1986, 1993 and 1997. The results show some changes in the proportional responsibilities of men and women in the home with men reporting a greater share of traditional indoor activities. But overall both men and women are spending less time on housework. In particular, women's time on housework has declined by six hours per week since 1986. Hence, while the gender gap between men's and women's involvement in the home is getting smaller, it is not the result of men increasing their share of the load, but is due to the large decline in women's time spent on domestic labour. There is also evidence of change in the relationship. between paid and unpaid work for women. Women's hours of,paid labour had a greater impact on their involvement in domestic labour in 1997 compared to a decade earlier. The article concludes that women's increased labour force involvement in combination with changing patterns and styles, of consumption is leading to some changes in the gender-division:of household labour, but not in the direction anticipated by earlier commentators on the domestic division of labour.
Keyword Sociology
Gender Division Of Labour
Household Labour
Domestic Labor
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 72 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 87 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:26:55 EST