Trade and environment: Evidence from China's manufacturing sector

Chai, JCH (2002) Trade and environment: Evidence from China's manufacturing sector. Sustainable Development, 10 1: 25-35. doi:10.1002/sd.174

Author Chai, JCH
Title Trade and environment: Evidence from China's manufacturing sector
Journal name Sustainable Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0968-0802
Publication date 2002-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/sd.174
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 10
Issue 1
Start page 25
End page 35
Total pages 11
Editor Khan
Place of publication UK
Publisher Wiley Europe Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
340202 Environment and Resource Economics
729900 Other Economic Issues
Abstract This paper focusing on the Chinese manufacturing sector assesses the environmental impact of trade liberalization in China. The results show that China's experience with the trade liberalization-environment nexus is consistent with international evidence. On one hand, trade liberalization has had various positive effects on the environment. Firstly, it promoted specialization in areas of comparative advantage, which, in general, included industries that contributed less to environmental degradation. Secondly, it allowed China to access and adopt the best international practices in pollution abatement technology. Thirdly, it enabled China to transfer environmental costs to other countries by importing intermediate products whose production contributed to environmental degradation. On the other hand, these positive effects were overwhelmed by a negative scale effect, which was the result of a huge increase in the demand for Chinese exports. The paper concludes that if China is to prevent pollution from reaching a critical threshold, environmental regulations need to be tightened. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.
Keyword Planning & Development
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Economics Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 14 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 03:06:55 EST