Leptospiral antibodies in Flying Foxes in Australia

Smythe, L. D., Field, H., Barnett, L. J., Smith, C. S., Dohnt, M. F., Symonds, M. L., Moore, M. R. and Rolfe, P. F. (2002) Leptospiral antibodies in Flying Foxes in Australia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 38 1: 182-186.

Author Smythe, L. D.
Field, H.
Barnett, L. J.
Smith, C. S.
Dohnt, M. F.
Symonds, M. L.
Moore, M. R.
Rolfe, P. F.
Title Leptospiral antibodies in Flying Foxes in Australia
Journal name Journal of Wildlife Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-3558
Publication date 2002-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 38
Issue 1
Start page 182
End page 186
Total pages 5
Place of publication Iowa, USA
Publisher Wildlife Disease Association
Language eng
Subject C1
270307 Microbial Ecology
770703 Living resources (flora and fauna)
321299 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
730210 Environmental health
Abstract The sera of 271 pteropid bats (or flying foxes) collected from Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory were screened against it reference panel of 21 Leptospira spp. using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Sera were collected from December 1997 through August 1999. The MAT panel represented those serovars previously isolated in Australia. as well as exotic serovar found in neighboring countries. Leptospiral antibodies were detected in 75 (28%) of the sera and represented seven serovars, one of which. L. interrogans serovar cynopteri has been regarded as exotic to Australia. Sixty sera were reactive to one serovar, 12 sera were reactive to two serovars, and three sera were reactive to three serovars. The L. kirschneri serovar australis was most frequently identified (60.2%). The findings suggest a previously unrecognized role of pteropid bats in the natural history of leptospirosis. The potential exists for establishment of infection in new host species, the transmission of new serovars to known host species, and for changes in virulence of leptospires as a result of passage through these species.
Keyword Leptospiral
flying fox
Veterinary Sciences
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 02:53:02 EST