Rehabilitation outcomes for brain injured patients in Australia: functional status, length of stay and discharge destination

Tooth, L, McKenna, K, Strong, J, Ottenbacher, K, Connell, J and Cleary, M (2001) Rehabilitation outcomes for brain injured patients in Australia: functional status, length of stay and discharge destination. Brain Injury, 15 7: 613-631. doi:10.1080/02699050010013923


Author Tooth, L
McKenna, K
Strong, J
Ottenbacher, K
Connell, J
Cleary, M
Title Rehabilitation outcomes for brain injured patients in Australia: functional status, length of stay and discharge destination
Journal name Brain Injury   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-9052
Publication date 2001-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02699050010013923
Volume 15
Issue 7
Start page 613
End page 631
Total pages 19
Editor Jeff Kreutzer
Nathan Zasler
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject C1
321024 Rehabilitation and Therapy - Occupational and Physical
730303 Occupational, speech and physiotherapy
Abstract This study describes the rehabilitation length of stay (LOS), discharge destination and discharge functional status of 149 patients admitted with traumatic brain injury (TBI) to an Australian hospital over a 5-year period. Hospital charts of patients admitted between 1993-1998 were reviewed. Average LOS over the 5-year time period was 61.8 days and only decreased nominally over this time. Longer LOS was predicted by lower admission motor FIM scores and presence of comorbidities. Mean admission and discharge motor FIM scores were 58 and 79, which represented a gain of 21 points. Higher discharge motor FIM scores were predicted by higher admission motor FIM scores and younger age. FIM gain was predicted by cognitive status and age. Most patients, 88%, were discharged back to the community, with 30% changing their living setting or situation. Changing living status was predicted by living alone and having poorer functional status on admission.
Keyword Neurosciences
Rehabilitation
Severe Head-injury
Disability Rating-scale
Medical Rehabilitation
Independence
Recovery
Reliability
Prediction
Community
System
Trauma
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 15 Aug 2007, 02:26:39 EST