The efficacy of periodised resistance training on neuromuscular adaptation in older adults

Conlon, Jenny A., Newton, Robert U., Tufano, James J., Penailillo, Luis E., Banyard, Harry G., Hopper, Amanda J., Ridge, Ashley J. and Haff, G. Gregory (2017) The efficacy of periodised resistance training on neuromuscular adaptation in older adults. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 6: 1181-1194. doi:10.1007/s00421-017-3605-1


Author Conlon, Jenny A.
Newton, Robert U.
Tufano, James J.
Penailillo, Luis E.
Banyard, Harry G.
Hopper, Amanda J.
Ridge, Ashley J.
Haff, G. Gregory
Title The efficacy of periodised resistance training on neuromuscular adaptation in older adults
Journal name European Journal of Applied Physiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1439-6319
1439-6327
Publication date 2017-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00421-017-3605-1
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 117
Issue 6
Start page 1181
End page 1194
Total pages 14
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract This study compared the effect of periodised versus non-periodised (NP) resistance training on neuromuscular adaptions in older adults.
Formatted abstract
Purpose: This study compared the effect of periodised versus non-periodised (NP) resistance training on neuromuscular adaptions in older adults.

Methods: Forty-one apparently healthy untrained older adults (female = 21, male = 20; 70.9 ± 5.1 years; 166.3 ± 8.2 cm; 72.9 ± 13.4 kg) were recruited and randomly stratified to an NP, block periodised (BP), or daily undulating periodised (DUP) training group. Outcome measures were assessed at baseline and following a 22-week resistance training intervention (3 day week−1), including: muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), vertical jump performance, isometric and isokinetic peak torque, isometric rate of force development (RFD), and muscle activation. Thirty-three participants satisfied all study requirements and were included in analyses (female = 17, male = 16; 71.3 ± 5.4 years; 166.3 ± 8.5 cm; 72.5 ± 13.7 kg).

Results: Block periodisation, DUP, and NP resistance training induced statistically significant improvements in muscle CSA, vertical jump peak velocity, peak power and jump height, and peak isometric and isokinetic torque of the knee extensors at 60 and 180° s−1, with no between-group differences. Muscle activity and absolute RFD measures were statistically unchanged following resistance training across the entire cohort.

Conclusions: Periodised resistance training, specifically BP and DUP, and NP resistance training are equally effective for promoting increases in muscular hypertrophy, strength, and power among untrained older adults. Consequently, periodisation strategies are not essential for optimising neuromuscular adaptations during the initial stages of resistance training in the aging population.
Keyword Adaptation
Elderly
Health
Sarcopenia
Training model
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
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