Early human symbolic behavior in the Late Pleistocene of Wallacea

Brumm, Adam, Langley, Michelle C., Moore, Mark W., Hakim, Budianto, Ramli, Muhammad, Sumantri, Iwan, Burhan, Basran, Saiful, Andi Muhammad, Siagian, Linda, Suryatman, Sardi, Ratno, Jusdi, Andi, Abdullah, Mubarak, Andi Pampang, Hasliana, Hasrianti, Oktaviana, Adhi Agus, Adhityatama, Shinatria, van den Bergh, Gerrit D., Aubert, Maxime, Zhao, Jian-xin, Huntley, Jillian, Li, Bo, Roberts, Richard G., Saptomo, E. Wahyu, Perston, Yinika and Grun, Rainer (2017) Early human symbolic behavior in the Late Pleistocene of Wallacea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114 16: 4105-4110. doi:10.1073/pnas.1619013114

Author Brumm, Adam
Langley, Michelle C.
Moore, Mark W.
Hakim, Budianto
Ramli, Muhammad
Sumantri, Iwan
Burhan, Basran
Saiful, Andi Muhammad
Siagian, Linda
Sardi, Ratno
Jusdi, Andi
Mubarak, Andi Pampang
Oktaviana, Adhi Agus
Adhityatama, Shinatria
van den Bergh, Gerrit D.
Aubert, Maxime
Zhao, Jian-xin
Huntley, Jillian
Li, Bo
Roberts, Richard G.
Saptomo, E. Wahyu
Perston, Yinika
Grun, Rainer
Title Early human symbolic behavior in the Late Pleistocene of Wallacea
Journal name Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1091-6490
Publication date 2017-04-18
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1073/pnas.1619013114
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 114
Issue 16
Start page 4105
End page 4110
Total pages 6
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Language eng
Subject 1000 General
Abstract Wallacea, the zone of oceanic islands separating the continental regions of Southeast Asia and Australia, has yielded sparse evidence for the symbolic culture of early modern humans. Here we report evidence for symbolic activity 30,000-22,000 y ago at Leang Bulu Bettue, a cave and rock-shelter site on theWallacean island of Sulawesi. We describe hitherto undocumented practices of personal ornamentation and portable art, alongside evidence for pigment processing and use in deposits that are the same age as dated rock art in the surrounding karst region. Previously, assemblages of multiple and diverse types of Pleistocene "symbolic" artifacts were entirely unknown from this region. The Leang Bulu Bettue assemblage provides insight into the complexity and diversification of modern human culture during a key period in the global dispersal of our species. It also shows that early inhabitants of Sulawesi fashioned ornaments from body parts of endemic animals, suggesting modern humans integrated exotic faunas and other novel resources into their symbolic world as they colonized the biogeographically unique regions southeast of continental Eurasia.
Keyword Cognition
Personal ornamentation
Pleistocene art
Pleistocene symbolism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
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