Greenspace and crime: an analysis of greenspace types, neighboring composition, and the temporal dimensions of crime

Kimpton, Anthony, Corcoran, Jonathan and Wickes, Rebecca (2017) Greenspace and crime: an analysis of greenspace types, neighboring composition, and the temporal dimensions of crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 54 3: 303-337. doi:10.1177/0022427816666309


Author Kimpton, Anthony
Corcoran, Jonathan
Wickes, Rebecca
Title Greenspace and crime: an analysis of greenspace types, neighboring composition, and the temporal dimensions of crime
Journal name Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-4278
1552-731X
Publication date 2017-05-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1177/0022427816666309
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 54
Issue 3
Start page 303
End page 337
Total pages 35
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: There is a growing interest in the relationship between greenspace and crime, yet how particular greenspace types encourage or inhibit the timing and types of greenspace crime remains largely unexplored. Drawing upon recent advances in environmental criminology, we introduce an integrated suite of methods to examine the spatial, temporal, and neighborhood dynamics of greenspace crime.

Methods: We collate administrative, census, and crime incident data and employ cluster analysis, circular statistics, and negative binomial regression to examine violent, public nuisance, property, and drug crimes within 4,265 greenspaces across Brisbane, Australia.

Results: We find that greenspace amenities, neighborhood social composition, and the presence of proximate crime generators influence the frequency and timing of greenspace crime.

Conclusions: Our analyses reveal that particular types of greenspaces are more crime prone than others. We argue that this is largely due to the presence of amenities within greenspaces allied with the sociodemographic context of surrounding neighborhoods. We conclude that understanding how these factors influence the behaviors of potential offenders, victims, and guardians is necessary to better understand the spatial distribution of greenspace crime and provide an evidence base for crime prevention initiatives.
Keyword Routine activity theory
Criminological theory
Urban crime
Statistical methods
Quantitative research
Research methods
Parks
Amenities
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
 
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