Violence restrained: effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression

DeWall, C. Nathan, Baumeister, Roy F., Stillman, Tyler F. and Gailliot, Matthew T. (2007) Violence restrained: effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43 1: 62-76. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.005

Author DeWall, C. Nathan
Baumeister, Roy F.
Stillman, Tyler F.
Gailliot, Matthew T.
Title Violence restrained: effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression
Journal name Journal of Experimental Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-1031
Publication date 2007-01-01
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.12.005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 43
Issue 1
Start page 62
End page 76
Total pages 15
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract Aggressive impulses arise from many factors, but they are usually held in check by social norms for self-control. Thus, the proximal cause of aggression is often failure of self-restraint. In five studies, depleted capacity for self-regulation (caused by prior, even irrelevant acts of self-regulation) increased aggressive responding, especially after an insulting provocation. When participants were insulted and their self-regulatory strength was depleted (i.e., after completing previous tasks that required self-regulation), participants were more likely to aggress. When the urge to aggress was relatively weaker (i.e., when participants were not insulted), self-regulatory depletion did not increase aggressive behavior. This effect was moderated by trait self-control: Participants low in trait self-control were particularly likely to express intentions of behaving aggressively in response to provocation, whereas participants high in trait self-control did not express intentions of responding aggressively. Laboratory, autobiographical memory, and hypothetical responses confirmed the pattern.
Keyword Aggression
Ego depletion
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Thu, 04 May 2017, 14:12:48 EST by Caitlin Maskell on behalf of School of Psychology