Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior

Twenge, Jean M., Baumeister, Roy F., DeWall, C. Nathan, Ciarocco, Natalie J. and Bartels, J. Michael (2007) Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92 1: 56-66. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.56

Author Twenge, Jean M.
Baumeister, Roy F.
DeWall, C. Nathan
Ciarocco, Natalie J.
Bartels, J. Michael
Title Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior
Journal name Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3514
Publication date 2007-01-01
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.56
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 92
Issue 1
Start page 56
End page 66
Total pages 11
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Abstract In 7 experiments, the authors manipulated social exclusion by telling people that they would end up alone later in life or that other participants had rejected them. Social exclusion caused a substantial reduction in prosocial behavior. Socially excluded people donated less money to a student fund, were unwilling to volunteer for further lab experiments, were less helpful after a mishap, and cooperated less in a mixed-motive game with another student. The results did not vary by cost to the self or by recipient of the help, and results remained significant when the experimenter was unaware of condition. The effect was mediated by feelings of empathy for another person but was not mediated by mood, state self-esteem, belongingness, trust, control, or self-awareness. The implication is that rejection temporarily interferes with emotional responses, thereby impairing the capacity for empathic understanding of others, and as a result, any inclination to help or cooperate with them is undermined.
Keyword Helping
Prosocial behavior
Social exclusion
Social rejection
Emotional responses
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID MH12329
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Thu, 04 May 2017, 12:05:16 EST by Caitlin Maskell on behalf of School of Psychology