Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem"

Maner, Jon K., DeWall, C. Nathan, Baumeister, Roy F. and Schaller, Mark (2007) Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92 1: 42-55. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.42

Author Maner, Jon K.
DeWall, C. Nathan
Baumeister, Roy F.
Schaller, Mark
Title Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem"
Journal name Journal of Personality and Social Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3514
Publication date 2007-01-01
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.42
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 92
Issue 1
Start page 42
End page 55
Total pages 14
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Abstract Evidence from 6 experiments supports the social reconnection hypothesis, which posits that the experience of social exclusion increases the motivation to forge social bonds with new sources of potential affiliation. Threat of social exclusion led participants to express greater interest in making new friends, to increase their desire to work with others, to form more positive impressions of novel social targets, and to assign greater rewards to new interaction partners. Findings also suggest potential boundary conditions to the social reconnection hypothesis. Excluded individuals did not seem to seek reconnection with the specific perpetrators of exclusion or with novel partners with whom no face-to-face interaction was anticipated. Furthermore, fear of negative evaluation moderated responses to exclusion such that participants low in fear of negative evaluation responded to new interaction partners in an affiliative fashion, whereas participants high in fear of negative evaluation did not.
Keyword Exclusion
Person perception
Social anxiety
Social reconnection
New friendship formation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID MH65559
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 390 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 04 May 2017, 11:54:24 EST by Caitlin Maskell on behalf of School of Psychology