Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

Peerzada, Arslan Masood, Ali, Hafiz Haider, Hanif, Zarka, Bajwa, Ali Ahsan, Kebaso, Lynda, Frimpong, David, Iqbal, Nadeem, Namubiru, Halima, Hashim, Saima, Rasool, Ghulam, Manalil, Sudheesh, van der Meulen, Annemieke and Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh (2017) Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.. Biological Invasions, 1-19. doi:10.1007/s10530-017-1410-8

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Author Peerzada, Arslan Masood
Ali, Hafiz Haider
Hanif, Zarka
Bajwa, Ali Ahsan
Kebaso, Lynda
Frimpong, David
Iqbal, Nadeem
Namubiru, Halima
Hashim, Saima
Rasool, Ghulam
Manalil, Sudheesh
van der Meulen, Annemieke
Chauhan, Bhagirath Singh
Title Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Formatted title
Eco-biology, impact, and management of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Journal name Biological Invasions   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1573-1464
Publication date 2017-03-16
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10530-017-1410-8
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Formatted abstract
Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. is ranked among the worst and extensively disseminated weed species. It is emerging as a potential menace for agroecosystems in 53 different countries across the world. This weed is adapted to warmer regions and is native to Mediterranean areas of Africa, Asia, and Europe. In the mid-1900s, cultivation of this weed species as a potential forage crop resulted in its escape from crop fields and invasion of agricultural and natural areas, but in some European countries, it has been introduced deliberately (e.g., as contamination of seeds and soil). S. halepense interferes with economically important agronomic and horticultural crops and cause 57–88% yield losses. Herbicide tolerance, diverse propagation mechanisms, rapid development, and strong competitiveness are key attributes in its invasion. Conventional management approaches are limited in their scope to control this weed due to its rapid vegetative growth and increasing herbicidal tolerance. Integration of chemical methods with cultural or mechanical approaches is important for restricting its future spread to non-infested areas. This review provides insights into the invasion mechanisms of S. halepense, which will help in its management. A better understanding of ecobiological aspects, survival mechanisms, and genetic variabilities of S. halepense, within a wide range of environmental conditions, will assist in designing more effective management strategies for this serious invasive weed. Collaborative research between the various countries impacted by this weed will assist in developing efficient, sustainable, and economical approaches to restrict its invasion in new areas.
Keyword Johnson grass
Weed management
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
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