Development of the appreciative joy scale

Zeng, Xianglong, Liao, Ran, Zhang, Ruirui, Oei, Tian P. S., Yao, Zhihua, Leung, Freedom Y. K. and Liu, Xiangping (2017) Development of the appreciative joy scale. Mindfulness, 8 2: 286-299. doi:10.1007/s12671-016-0599-4

Author Zeng, Xianglong
Liao, Ran
Zhang, Ruirui
Oei, Tian P. S.
Yao, Zhihua
Leung, Freedom Y. K.
Liu, Xiangping
Title Development of the appreciative joy scale
Journal name Mindfulness   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1868-8535
Publication date 2017-04-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12671-016-0599-4
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 8
Issue 2
Start page 286
End page 299
Total pages 14
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Subject 3207 Social Psychology
3306 Health (social science)
3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
3202 Applied Psychology
Abstract Appreciative joy (or sympathetic joy) refers to feeling happiness for others and is one of the four prosocial attitudes (“four immeasurables”) cultivated by loving-kindness meditation in Buddhism. The current study included 1622 participants and developed a scale to measure appreciative joy for friends in daily life. Both an exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in an appreciative joy scale consisting of three components: sense of joy, positive interpersonal bias, and self-transcendence (study 1). The appreciative joy scale exhibited high correlations with measurements for interpersonal relationships and four immeasurables. The scale also shows incremental contributions to positive emotions, satisfaction with life, trait happiness, and peace of mind after controlling for interpersonal relationships or the four immeasurables (studies 2 and 3). The scale exhibited higher scores among Buddhists than among individuals with no religious belief, and its structure was maintained across English and Chinese samples (study 4); in addition, it demonstrated good test-retest reliability (study 5). Overall, the current study validated the scale as a useful tool for measuring appreciative joy, and certain findings also highlighted directions for future research on appreciative joy, including causal relationships with positive emotions, comparisons with compassion, and effects on envy.
Keyword Appreciative joy
Four immeasurables
Loving-kindness meditation
Positive empathy
Sympathetic joy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 14BSH082
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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School of Psychology Publications
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