Energy drink use frequency among an international sample of people who use drugs: associations with other substance use and well-being

Peacock, Amy, Bruno, Raimondo, Ferris, Jason and Winstock, Adam (2017) Energy drink use frequency among an international sample of people who use drugs: associations with other substance use and well-being. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 174 70-79. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.010


Author Peacock, Amy
Bruno, Raimondo
Ferris, Jason
Winstock, Adam
Title Energy drink use frequency among an international sample of people who use drugs: associations with other substance use and well-being
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1879-0046
0376-8716
Publication date 2017-05-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.01.010
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 174
Start page 70
End page 79
Total pages 10
Place of publication E Park, Shannon, Clare Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Ireland
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: The study aims were to identify: i.) energy drink (ED), caffeine tablet, and caffeine intranasal spray use amongst a sample who report drug use, and ii.) the association between ED use frequency and demographic profile, drug use, hazardous drinking, and wellbeing.

Method: Participants (n = 74,864) who reported drug use completed the online 2014 Global Drug Survey. They provided data on demographics, ED use, and alcohol and drug use, completed the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI), and reported whether they wished to reduce alcohol use.

Results: Lifetime ED, caffeine tablet and intranasal caffeine spray use were reported by 69.2%, 24.5% and 4.9%. Median age of ED initiation was 16 years. For those aged 16–37, median years using EDs increased from 4 to 17 years of consumption, where it declined thereafter. Greater ED use frequency was associated with: being male; under 21 years of age; studying; and past year caffeine tablet/intranasal spray, tobacco, cannabis, amphetamine, MDMA, and cocaine use. Past year, infrequent (1–4 days) and frequent (≥5 days) past month ED consumers reported higher AUDIT scores and lower PWI scores than lifetime abstainers; past month consumers were less likely to report a desire to reduce alcohol use.

Conclusions: ED use is part of a complex interplay of drug use, alcohol problems, and poorer personal wellbeing, and ED use frequency may be a flag for current/future problems. Prospective research is required exploring where ED use fits within the trajectory of other alcohol and drug use.
Keyword Alcohol
Caffeine
Ecstasy
Energy drink
Stimulant
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
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Created: Tue, 11 Apr 2017, 00:25:16 EST by Web Cron on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)