Description of small and large-scale cross laminated timber fire tests

Emberley, Richard, Gorska Putynska, Carmen, Bolanos, Aaron, Lucherini, Andrea, Solarte, Angela, Soriguer, Diana, Gutierrez Gonzalez, Mateo, Humphreys, Kathryn, Hidalgo, Juan P., Maluk, Cristian, Law, Angus and Torero, Jose L. (2017) Description of small and large-scale cross laminated timber fire tests. Fire Safety Journal, 91 327-335. doi:10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.024

Author Emberley, Richard
Gorska Putynska, Carmen
Bolanos, Aaron
Lucherini, Andrea
Solarte, Angela
Soriguer, Diana
Gutierrez Gonzalez, Mateo
Humphreys, Kathryn
Hidalgo, Juan P.
Maluk, Cristian
Law, Angus
Torero, Jose L.
Title Description of small and large-scale cross laminated timber fire tests
Journal name Fire Safety Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0379-7112
Publication date 2017-04-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.024
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 91
Start page 327
End page 335
Total pages 9
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Abstract A large-scale fire test was conducted on a compartment constructed from cross laminated timber (CLT). The internal faces of the compartment were lined with non-combustible board, with the exception of one wall and the ceiling where the CLT was exposed directly to the fire inside the compartment. Extinction of the fire occurred without intervention. During the fire test, measurements were made of incident radiant heat flux, gas phase temperature, and in-depth temperature in the CLT. In addition, gas flow velocities and gas phase temperatures at the opening were measured, as well as incident heat fluxes at the facade due to flames and the plume leaving the opening. The fuel load was chosen to be sufficient to attain flashover, to achieve steady-state burning conditions of the exposed CLT, but to minimize the probability of uncertain behaviors induced by the specific characteristics of the CLT. Ventilation conditions were chosen to approximate maximum temperatures within a compartment. Wood cribs were used as fuel and, following decay of the cribs, self-extinction of the exposed CLT rapidly occurred. In parallel with the large-scale test, a small scale study focusing on CLT self-extinction was conducted. This study was used to establish: the range of incident heat fluxes for which self-extinction of the CLT can occur; the duration of exposure after which steady-state burning occurred; and the duration of exposure at which debonding of the CLT could occur. The large-scale test is described, and the results from both the small and large-scale tests are compared. It is found that self-extinction occurred in the large-scale compartment within the range of critical heat fluxes obtained from the small scale tests.
Keyword Compartment fires
Heat transfer
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 6 April 2017. Article in press. Corrected proof.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Sun, 09 Apr 2017, 23:22:58 EST by Juan Hidalgo Medina on behalf of School of Civil Engineering