Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals

Hughes, Terry P., Kerry, James T., Alvarez-Noriega, Mariana, Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G., Anderson, Kristen D., Baird, Andrew H., Babcock, Russell C., Beger, Maria, Bellwood, David R., Berkelmans, Ray, Bridge, Tom C., Butler, Ian R., Byrne, Maria, Cantin, Neal E., Comeau, Steeve, Connolly, Sean R., Cumming, Graeme S., Dalton, Steven J., Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo, Eakin, C. Mark, Figueira, Will F., Gilmour, James P., Harrison, Hugo B., Heron, Scott F., Hoey, Andrew S., Hobbs, Jean-Paul A., Hoogenboom, Mia O., Kennedy, Emma V., Kuo, Chao-yang, Lough, Janice M., Lowe, Ryan J., Liu, Gang, Cculloch, Malcolm T. M., Malcolm, Hamish A., Mcwilliam, Michael J., Pandolfi, John M., Pears, Rachel J., Pratchett, Morgan S., Schoepf, Verena, Simpson, Tristan, Skirving, William J., Sommer, Brigitte, Torda, Gergely, Wachenfeld, David R., Willis, Bette L. and Wilson, Shaun K. (2017) Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals. Nature, 543 7645: 373-377. doi:10.1038/nature21707


Author Hughes, Terry P.
Kerry, James T.
Alvarez-Noriega, Mariana
Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G.
Anderson, Kristen D.
Baird, Andrew H.
Babcock, Russell C.
Beger, Maria
Bellwood, David R.
Berkelmans, Ray
Bridge, Tom C.
Butler, Ian R.
Byrne, Maria
Cantin, Neal E.
Comeau, Steeve
Connolly, Sean R.
Cumming, Graeme S.
Dalton, Steven J.
Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo
Eakin, C. Mark
Figueira, Will F.
Gilmour, James P.
Harrison, Hugo B.
Heron, Scott F.
Hoey, Andrew S.
Hobbs, Jean-Paul A.
Hoogenboom, Mia O.
Kennedy, Emma V.
Kuo, Chao-yang
Lough, Janice M.
Lowe, Ryan J.
Liu, Gang
Cculloch, Malcolm T. M.
Malcolm, Hamish A.
Mcwilliam, Michael J.
Pandolfi, John M.
Pears, Rachel J.
Pratchett, Morgan S.
Schoepf, Verena
Simpson, Tristan
Skirving, William J.
Sommer, Brigitte
Torda, Gergely
Wachenfeld, David R.
Willis, Bette L.
Wilson, Shaun K.
Title Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-4687
0028-0836
Publication date 2017-03-16
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/nature21707
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 543
Issue 7645
Start page 373
End page 377
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Abstract During 2015-2016, record temperatures triggered a pan-tropical episode of coral bleaching, the third global-scale event since mass bleaching was first documented in the 1980s. Here we examine how and why the severity of recurrent major bleaching events has varied at multiple scales, using aerial and underwater surveys of Australian reefs combined with satellite-derived sea surface temperatures. The distinctive geographic footprints of recurrent bleaching on the Great Barrier Reef in 1998, 2002 and 2016 were determined by the spatial pattern of sea temperatures in each year. Water quality and fishing pressure had minimal effect on the unprecedented bleaching in 2016, suggesting that local protection of reefs affords little or no resistance to extreme heat. Similarly, past exposure to bleaching in 1998 and 2002 did not lessen the severity of bleaching in 2016. Consequently, immediate global action to curb future warming is essential to secure a future for coral reefs.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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