Reserves as tools for alleviating impacts of marine disease

Lamb, Joleah B., Wenger, Amelia S., Devlin, Michelle J., Ceccarelli, Daniela M., Williamson, David H. and Willis, Bette L. (2016) Reserves as tools for alleviating impacts of marine disease. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 371 1689: . doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0210


Author Lamb, Joleah B.
Wenger, Amelia S.
Devlin, Michelle J.
Ceccarelli, Daniela M.
Williamson, David H.
Willis, Bette L.
Title Reserves as tools for alleviating impacts of marine disease
Journal name Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2970
0962-8436
Publication date 2016-03-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1098/rstb.2015.0210
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 371
Issue 1689
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Royal Society Publishing
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract Marine protected areas can prevent over-exploitation, but their effect on marine diseases is less clear. We examined how marine reserves can reduce diseases affecting reef-building corals following acute and chronic disturbances. One year after a severe tropical cyclone, corals inside reserves had sevenfold lower levels of disease than those in non-reserves. Similarly, disease prevalence was threefold lower on reserve reefs following chronic exposure to terrestrial run-off from a degraded river catchment, when exposure duration was below the long-term site average. Examination of 35 predictor variables indicated that lower levels of derelict fishing line and injured corals inside reserves were correlated with lower levels of coral disease in both case studies, signifying that successful disease mitigation occurs when activities that damage reefs are restricted. Conversely, reserves were ineffective in moderating disease when sites were exposed to higher than average levels of run-off, demonstrating that reductions in water quality undermine resilience afforded by reserve protection. In addition to implementing protected areas, we highlight that disease management efforts should also target improving water quality and limiting anthropogenic activities that cause injury.
Keyword Coral disease
Marine protected areas
No-take reserve
Pollution run-off
Resilience
Water quality
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
 
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Created: Mon, 03 Apr 2017, 15:58:57 EST by Amelia Wenger on behalf of Learning and Research Services (UQ Library)