How do health behaviours relate to dietary practice patterns among Japanese adults?

Mishra, Gita D., Lee, Jung Su, Hayashi, Kunihiko, Watanabe, Etsuko, Mori, Katsumi and Kawakubo, Kiyoshi (2017) How do health behaviours relate to dietary practice patterns among Japanese adults?. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 26 2: 351-357. doi:10.6133/apjcn.022016.01

Author Mishra, Gita D.
Lee, Jung Su
Hayashi, Kunihiko
Watanabe, Etsuko
Mori, Katsumi
Kawakubo, Kiyoshi
Title How do health behaviours relate to dietary practice patterns among Japanese adults?
Journal name Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-7058
Publication date 2017-03-01
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.6133/apjcn.022016.01
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 26
Issue 2
Start page 351
End page 357
Total pages 7
Place of publication Wellington, VIC Australia
Publisher HEC Press
Language eng
Abstract Background and Objectives: To identify dietary practice patterns for Japanese adults and investigate the links between health behaviours and these patterns. Methods and Study Design: A random sample, stratified according to area, sex, and age, of 4570 adults aged 20-80 years completed a survey conducted in 2011 in a city, in Yamagata Prefecture, Northeast Japan. Results: Cluster analysis of 16 dietary practice items revealed four patterns labelled as: low fat, sugar, or salt; emphasis on nutrition; regular breakfast and staples; and meals not snacks. Findings from multiple linear regression analyses showed that those not engaged in habitual physical exercise had lower scores on low fat, sugar, or salt (beta coefficient -0.22: 95% confidence intervals -0.30, -0.14); emphasis on nutrition (-0.17: -0.25, -0.09); meals not snacks; (-0.38: -0.46, -0.3) that other participants. Current smokers had lower scores than never smokers on low fat, sugar, or salt (-0.23: -0.32, -0.14); emphasis on nutrition (-0.28: -0.37, -0.19); regular breakfast and staples (-0.42: -0.51, -0.33) patterns. Compared with nondrinkers, those who had reduced their consumption of alcohol had higher scores on low fat, sugar, or salt (0.19: 0.09, 0.29) and emphasis on nutrition (0.17: 0.07, 0.27). These relationships were adjusted for other dietary practice patterns, sociodemographic factors, body mass index, and the presence of major illness or pain. Conclusions: Findings support an integrated and targeted approach as part of public health policy by considering links between dietary practices and other health behaviours, such as habitual exercise and smoking behaviour that may facilitate changes in dietary practices.
Keyword Dietary practice patterns
Habitual physical exercise
Health behaviours
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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