Using pedagogical approaches to influence evidence-based practice integration - Processes and recommendations: findings from a grounded theory study

Malik, Gulzar, McKenna, Lisa and Griffiths, Debra (2017) Using pedagogical approaches to influence evidence-based practice integration - Processes and recommendations: findings from a grounded theory study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73 4: 883-893. doi:10.1111/jan.13175


Author Malik, Gulzar
McKenna, Lisa
Griffiths, Debra
Title Using pedagogical approaches to influence evidence-based practice integration - Processes and recommendations: findings from a grounded theory study
Journal name Journal of Advanced Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1365-2648
0309-2402
Publication date 2017-04-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jan.13175
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 73
Issue 4
Start page 883
End page 893
Total pages 11
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The study aimed to explore the processes undertaken by nurse academics when integrating evidence-based practice (EBP) into their teaching and learning practices. This article focuses on pedagogical approaches employed by academics to influence evidence-based practice integration into undergraduate programs across Australian universities.

Nursing academics are challenged to incorporate a variety of teaching and learning strategies to teach evidence-based practice and determine their effectiveness. However, literature suggests that there are limited studies available focusing on pedagogical approaches in evidence-based practice education.

A constructivist grounded theory methodology, informed by Charmaz was used for this study.

Data were collected during 2014 from 23 nurse academics across Australian universities through semi-structured interviews. Additionally, nine were observed during teaching of undergraduate students. Twenty subject outlines were also analysed following Charmaz's approach of data analysis.

'Influencing EBP integration' describes the pedagogical approaches employed by academics to incorporate EBP knowledge and skills into undergraduate curricula. With the use of various teaching and learning strategies, academics attempted to contextualize EBP by engaging students with activities aiming to link evidence to practice and with the EBP process. Although, some strategies appeared to be engaging, others were traditional and seemed to be disengaging for students due to the challenges experienced by participants that impeded the use of the most effective teaching methods.

Study findings offer valuable insights into the teaching practices and identify some key challenges that require the adoption of appropriate strategies to ensure future nurses are well prepared in the paradigm of evidence-based practice.
Formatted abstract
Aims: The study aimed to explore the processes undertaken by nurse academics when integrating evidence-based practice (EBP) into their teaching and learning practices. This article focuses on pedagogical approaches employed by academics to influence evidence-based practice integration into undergraduate programs across Australian universities.

Background: Nursing academics are challenged to incorporate a variety of teaching and learning strategies to teach evidence-based practice and determine their effectiveness. However, literature suggests that there are limited studies available focusing on pedagogical approaches in evidence-based practice education.

Design: A constructivist grounded theory methodology, informed by Charmaz was used for this study.

Methods: Data were collected during 2014 from 23 nurse academics across Australian universities through semi-structured interviews. Additionally, nine were observed during teaching of undergraduate students. Twenty subject outlines were also analysed following Charmaz’s approach of data analysis.

Findings: ‘Influencing EBP integration’ describes the pedagogical approaches employed by academics to incorporate EBP knowledge and skills into undergraduate curricula. With the use of various teaching and learning strategies, academics attempted to contextualize EBP by engaging students with activities aiming to link evidence to practice and with the EBP process. Although, some strategies appeared to be engaging, others were traditional and seemed to be disengaging for students due to the challenges experienced by participants that impeded the use of the most effective teaching methods.

Conclusion: Study findings offer valuable insights into the teaching practices and identify some key challenges that require the adoption of appropriate strategies to ensure future nurses are well prepared in the paradigm of evidence-based practice.
Keyword Evidence-based practice
Evidence-based practice process
Grounded theory
Nurse academics
Nursing curriculum
Pedagogical approaches
Teaching strategies
Undergraduate curriculum
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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