Tolerance of ambiguity, perfectionism and resilience are associated with personality profiles of medical students oriented to rural practice

Eley, Diann S., Leung, Janni K., Campbell, Narelle and Cloninger, C. Robert (2017) Tolerance of ambiguity, perfectionism and resilience are associated with personality profiles of medical students oriented to rural practice. Medical Teacher, 39 5: 1-8. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2017.1297530


Author Eley, Diann S.
Leung, Janni K.
Campbell, Narelle
Cloninger, C. Robert
Title Tolerance of ambiguity, perfectionism and resilience are associated with personality profiles of medical students oriented to rural practice
Journal name Medical Teacher   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0142-159X
1466-187X
Publication date 2017-03-10
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/0142159X.2017.1297530
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 39
Issue 5
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 2700 Medicine
3304 Education
Abstract Purpose: Resilience, coping with uncertainty and learning from mistakes are vital characteristics for all medical disciplines–particularly rural practice. Levels of coping constructs were examined in medical students with and without a rural background or an interest in rural practice. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys identified two personality profiles, and their association with levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, Resilience, Perfectionism-High Standards and Concern over mistakes as constructs indicative of coping. Medical students (N = 797) were stratified by rural background and degree of rural interest. Mediation analysis tested the effect of personality profile on levels of the coping constructs. Results: More (72%) rural background students had Profile 1 which was associated with higher levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, High standards, and Resilience, but lower Concern over mistakes. Non-rural background students reporting a strong rural interest also had Profile 1 (64%) and similar levels of coping constructs. Personality profile mediated the association between rural interest and levels of coping constructs regardless of background. Conclusions: Having a rural background or strong rural interest are associated with a personality profile that indicates a better capacity for coping. Personality may play a part in an individual’s interest in rural practice. Rural workforce initiatives through education should encourage and nurture students with a genuine interest in rural practice–regardless of background.
Formatted abstract
Purpose: Resilience, coping with uncertainty and learning from mistakes are vital characteristics for all medical disciplines – particularly rural practice. Levels of coping constructs were examined in medical students with and without a rural background or an interest in rural practice.

Methods: Cross-sectional surveys identified two personality profiles, and their association with levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, Resilience, Perfectionism-High Standards and Concern over mistakes as constructs indicative of coping. Medical students (N = 797) were stratified by rural background and degree of rural interest. Mediation analysis tested the effect of personality profile on levels of the coping constructs.

Results: More (72%) rural background students had Profile 1 which was associated with higher levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, High standards, and Resilience, but lower Concern over mistakes. Non-rural background students reporting a strong rural interest also had Profile 1 (64%) and similar levels of coping constructs. Personality profile mediated the association between rural interest and levels of coping constructs regardless of background.

Conclusions: Having a rural background or strong rural interest are associated with a personality profile that indicates a better capacity for coping. Personality may play a part in an individual’s interest in rural practice. Rural workforce initiatives through education should encourage and nurture students with a genuine interest in rural practice – regardless of background.
Keyword Education, Scientific Disciplines
Health Care Sciences & Services
Education & Educational Research
Health Care Sciences & Services
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Sat, 18 Mar 2017, 18:28:59 EST by Diann Eley on behalf of Office of Medical Education