Examination of relationships between urban form, household activities, and time allocation in the Atlanta Metropolitan Region

Lee, Yuhwa, Washington, Simon and Frank, Lawrence D. (2009) Examination of relationships between urban form, household activities, and time allocation in the Atlanta Metropolitan Region. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 43 4: 360-373. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2008.11.013


Author Lee, Yuhwa
Washington, Simon
Frank, Lawrence D.
Title Examination of relationships between urban form, household activities, and time allocation in the Atlanta Metropolitan Region
Journal name Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-8564
1879-2375
Publication date 2009-05-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.tra.2008.11.013
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 43
Issue 4
Start page 360
End page 373
Total pages 14
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Abstract A substantial body of research is focused on understanding the relationships between socio-demographics, land-use characteristics, and mode specific attributes on travel mode choice and time-use patterns. Residential and commercial densities, inter-mixing of land uses, and route directness in conjunction with transportation performance characteristics interact to influence accessibility to destinations as well as time spent traveling and engaging in activities. This study uniquely examines the activity durations undertaken for out-of-home subsistence; maintenance, and discretionary activities. Also examined are total tour durations (summing all activity categories within a tour). Cross-sectional activities are obtained from household activity travel survey data from the Atlanta Metropolitan Region. Time durations allocated to weekdays and weekends are compared. The censoring and endogeneity between activity categories and within individuals are captured using multiple equations Tobit models. The analysis and modeling reveal that land-use characteristics such as net residential density and the number of commercial parcels within a kilometer of a residence are associated with differences in weekday and weekend time-use allocations. Household type and structure are significant predictors across the three activity categories, but not for overall travel times. Tour characteristics such as time-of-day and primary travel mode of the tours also affect traveler's out-of-home activity-tour time-use patterns.
Keyword Activity modeling
Land use
Simultaneous Tobit
Time use
Travel behavior
Urban form
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Civil Engineering Publications
 
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