The role of executive attention in object substitution masking

Filmer, Hannah L., Wells-Peris, Roxanne and Dux, Paul E. (2017) The role of executive attention in object substitution masking. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 79 4: 1-8. doi:10.3758/s13414-017-1302-0

Author Filmer, Hannah L.
Wells-Peris, Roxanne
Dux, Paul E.
Title The role of executive attention in object substitution masking
Journal name Attention, Perception and Psychophysics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1943-393X
Publication date 2017-02-17
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/s13414-017-1302-0
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 79
Issue 4
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Subject 3205 Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
1203 Language and Linguistics
2809 Sensory Systems
3310 Linguistics and Language
Abstract It was long thought that a key characteristic of object substitution masking (OSM) was the requirement for spatial attention to be dispersed for the mask to impact visual sensitivity. However, recent studies have provided evidence questioning whether spatial attention interacts with OSM magnitude, suggesting that the previous reports reflect the impact of performance being at ceiling for the low attention load conditions. Another technique that has been employed to modulate attention in OSM paradigms involves presenting the target stimulus foveally, but with another demanding task shown immediately prior, and thus taxing executive/temporal attention. Under such conditions, when the two tasks occur in close temporal proximity relatively to greater temporal separation, masking is increased. However this effect could also be influenced by performance being at ceiling in some conditions. Here, we manipulated executive attention for a foveated target using a dual-task paradigm. Critically, ceiling performance was avoided by thresholding the target stimulus prior to it being presented under OSM conditions. We found no evidence for an interaction between executive attention load and masking. Collectively, along with the previous findings, our results provide compelling evidence that OSM as a phenomenon occurs independently of attention.
Keyword Attention
Object substitution masking
Visual masking
Visual perception
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID SR120300015
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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