The effect of performance feedback on drivers’ hazard perception ability and self-ratings

Horswill, Mark S., Garth, Megan, Hill, Andrew and Watson, Marcus O. (2017) The effect of performance feedback on drivers’ hazard perception ability and self-ratings. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 101 135-142. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2017.02.009

Author Horswill, Mark S.
Garth, Megan
Hill, Andrew
Watson, Marcus O.
Title The effect of performance feedback on drivers’ hazard perception ability and self-ratings
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2017-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2017.02.009
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 101
Start page 135
End page 142
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 3307 Human Factors and Ergonomics
2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
3308 Law
Abstract Drivers’ hazard perception ability has been found to predict crash risk, and novice drivers appear to be particularly poor at this skill. This competency appears to develop only slowly with experience, and this could partially be a result of poor quality performance feedback. We report an experiment in which we provided high-quality artificial feedback on individual drivers’ performance in a validated video-based hazard perception test via either: (1) a graph-based comparison of hazard perception response times between the test-taker, the average driver, and an expert driver; (2) a video-based comparison between the same groups; or (3) both. All three types of feedback resulted in both an improvement in hazard perception performance and a reduction in self-rated hazard perception skill, compared with a no-feedback control group. Video-based and graph-based feedback combined resulted in a greater improvement in hazard perception performance than either of the individual components, which did not differ from one another. All three types of feedback eliminated participants’ self-enhancement bias for hazard perception skill. Participants judged both interventions involving video feedback to be significantly more likely to improve their real-world driving than the no feedback control group. While all three forms of feedback had some value, the combined video and graph feedback intervention appeared to be the most effective across all outcome measures.
Keyword Driving
Hazard anticipation
Road traffic accidents
Situation awareness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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School of Psychology Publications
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