Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

Lazaridis, Iosif, Nadel, Dani, Rollefson, Gary, Merrett, Deborah C., Rohland, Nadin, Mallick, Swapan, Fernandes, Daniel, Novak, Mario, Gamarra, Beatriz, Sirak, Kendra, Connell, Sarah, Stewardson, Kristin, Harney, Eadaoin, Fu, Qiaomei, Gonzalez-Fortes, Gloria, Jones, Eppie R., Roodenberg, Songul Alpaslan, Lengyel, Gyorgy, Bocquentin, Fanny, Gasparian, Boris, Monge, Janet M., Gregg, Michael, Eshed, Vered, Mizrahi, Ahuva-Sivan, Meiklejohn, Christopher, Gerritsen, Fokke, Bejenaru, Luminita, Blueher, Matthias, Campbell, Archie, Cavalleri, Gianpiero, Comas, David, Froguel, Philippe, Gilbert, Edmund, Kerr, Shona M., Kovacs, Peter, Krause, Johannes, McGettigan, Darren, Merrigan, Michael, Merriwether, D. Andrew, O'Reilly, Seamus, Richards, Martin B., Semino, Ornella, Shamoon-Pour, Michel, Stefanescu, Gheorghe, Stumvoll, Michael, Toenjes, Anke, Torroni, Antonio, Wilson, James F., Yengo, Loic, Hovhannisyan, Nelli A., Patterson, Nick, Pinhasi, Ron and Reich, David (2016) Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East. Nature, 536 7617: 419-424. doi:10.1038/nature19310


Author Lazaridis, Iosif
Nadel, Dani
Rollefson, Gary
Merrett, Deborah C.
Rohland, Nadin
Mallick, Swapan
Fernandes, Daniel
Novak, Mario
Gamarra, Beatriz
Sirak, Kendra
Connell, Sarah
Stewardson, Kristin
Harney, Eadaoin
Fu, Qiaomei
Gonzalez-Fortes, Gloria
Jones, Eppie R.
Roodenberg, Songul Alpaslan
Lengyel, Gyorgy
Bocquentin, Fanny
Gasparian, Boris
Monge, Janet M.
Gregg, Michael
Eshed, Vered
Mizrahi, Ahuva-Sivan
Meiklejohn, Christopher
Gerritsen, Fokke
Bejenaru, Luminita
Blueher, Matthias
Campbell, Archie
Cavalleri, Gianpiero
Comas, David
Froguel, Philippe
Gilbert, Edmund
Kerr, Shona M.
Kovacs, Peter
Krause, Johannes
McGettigan, Darren
Merrigan, Michael
Merriwether, D. Andrew
O'Reilly, Seamus
Richards, Martin B.
Semino, Ornella
Shamoon-Pour, Michel
Stefanescu, Gheorghe
Stumvoll, Michael
Toenjes, Anke
Torroni, Antonio
Wilson, James F.
Yengo, Loic
Hovhannisyan, Nelli A.
Patterson, Nick
Pinhasi, Ron
Reich, David
Title Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East
Journal name Nature   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-4687
0028-0836
Publication date 2016-08-25
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/nature19310
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 536
Issue 7617
Start page 419
End page 424
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Abstract We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ∼12,000 and 1,400BC, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a 'Basal Eurasian' lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages before their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros Mountains (Iran) were strongly genetically differentiated, and each descended from local hunter-gatherers. By the time of the Bronze Age, these two populations and Anatolian-related farmers had mixed with each other and with the hunter-gatherers of Europe to greatly reduce genetic differentiation. The impact of the Near Eastern farmers extended beyond the Near East: farmers related to those of Anatolia spread westward into Europe; farmers related to those of the Levant spread southward into East Africa; farmers related to those of Iran spread northward into the Eurasian steppe; and people related to both the early farmers of Iran and to the pastoralists of the Eurasian steppe spread eastward into South Asia.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Molecular Bioscience - Publications
 
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