Incorporation of road safety into road management systems

Afghari, Amir Pooyan (2012). Incorporation of road safety into road management systems M.Sc Thesis, The Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Concordia University.

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Author Afghari, Amir Pooyan
Thesis Title Incorporation of road safety into road management systems
School, Centre or Institute The Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
Institution Concordia University
Publication date 2012-04-01
Thesis type M.Sc Thesis
Open Access Status Other
Supervisor Luis Esteban Amador
Total pages 103
Language eng
Subjects 09 Engineering
0905 Civil Engineering
090507 Transport Engineering
Abstract/Summary Road collisions negatively affect the lives of hundreds of Canadians per year. Unfortunately, safety has been typically neglected from management systems. It is common to find that a great deal of effort has been devoted to develop and implement systems capable of achieving and sustaining good levels of condition. It is relatively recent that road safety has become an important objective. Managing a network of roads is not an easy task; it requires long, medium and short term plans to maintain, rehabilitate and upgrade aging assets, reduce and mitigate accident exposure, likelihood and severity. This thesis presents a basis for incorporating road safety into road management systems; two case studies were developed; one limited by available data and another from sufficient information. A long term analysis was used to allocate improvements for condition and safety of roads and bridges, at the network level. It was confirmed that a safety index could be used to obtain a first cut model; meanwhile potential for improvement which is a difference between observed and predicted number of accidents was capable of capturing the degree of safety of individual segments. It was found that the completeness of the system resulted in savings because of the economies obtained from trade-off optimization. It was observed that safety improvements were allocated at the beginning of the analysis in order to reduce the extent of issues, which translated into a systematic reduction of potential for improvement up to a point of near constant levels, which were hypothesized to relate to those unavoidable collisions from human error or vehicle failure.
Keyword Road Management systems
Safety performance functions
Road safety
Trade-off analysis
Optimization

Document type: Thesis
Collection: Non-UQ Theses
 
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Created: Mon, 20 Feb 2017, 17:32:57 EST by Amir Pooyan Afghari on behalf of School of Civil Engineering