The resilience of neighborhood social processes: a case study of the 2011 Brisbane flood

Wickes, Rebecca, Britt, Chester and Broidy, Lisa (2017) The resilience of neighborhood social processes: a case study of the 2011 Brisbane flood. Social Science Research, 62 96-119. doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.07.006

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Author Wickes, Rebecca
Britt, Chester
Broidy, Lisa
Title The resilience of neighborhood social processes: a case study of the 2011 Brisbane flood
Journal name Social Science Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0049-089X
1096-0317
Publication date 2017-02-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.07.006
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 62
Start page 96
End page 119
Total pages 24
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Abstract Social disorganization theories position neighborhood social capital and collective efficacy as key social processes that should facilitate community resilience in the aftermath of disaster. Yet limited evidence demonstrates that these social processes are themselves resilient with some studies showing that disaster can fracture even once cohesive neighborhoods. In this paper we assess the stability of neighborhood level collective efficacy and social capital before and after a disaster. We use multilevel structural equation modeling and draw on census and longitudinal survey data collected from over 4000 residents living in 148 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia before and after a significant flood event. We examine what happens to social capital and collective efficacy in flooded and non-flooded neighborhoods and assess whether demographic shifts are associated with change and/or stability in these processes. We find strong evidence that these processes operate similarly across flooded and not flooded communities. Our findings also reveal significant stability for our measures of social capital across time, while collective efficacy increases post flood across all neighborhoods, but more so in flooded neighborhoods. Neighborhood demographics have limited effect on patterns of stability or change in these social processes. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for our understanding of neighborhood resilience in the wake of disaster.
Keyword Collective efficacy
Disaster
Neighborhoods
Resilience
Social capital
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Social Science Publications
 
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