Oxygen versus nitrogen bonding of carboxamides to pentaammineruthenium(II/III)

Fairlie, DP, Ilan, Y and Taube, H (1997) Oxygen versus nitrogen bonding of carboxamides to pentaammineruthenium(II/III). Inorganic Chemistry, 36 6: 1029-1037. doi:10.1021/ic9611406

Author Fairlie, DP
Ilan, Y
Taube, H
Title Oxygen versus nitrogen bonding of carboxamides to pentaammineruthenium(II/III)
Journal name Inorganic Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0020-1669
Publication date 1997-03-01
Year available 1997
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1021/ic9611406
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 36
Issue 6
Start page 1029
End page 1037
Total pages 9
Place of publication WASHINGTON
Language eng
Abstract Reversible linkage isomerizations are identified for monodentate carboxamides on pentaammineruthenium(II) and -(III). The equilibrium between O-bonded and N-bonded amides is pH and oxidation-state dependent.: When both O- and N-bound amides are neutral uncharged ligands (pH < 7, Ru(II); pH < 2, Ru(III)), the O-bonded isomers are thermodynamically more stable for both oxidation states. They are, however, inherently unstable, solvolyzing in coordinating solvents with loss of amide ligand (Ru(II), t(1/2) < 1 s; Ru(III), t(1/2) < 2 h; 25 degrees C, H2O) or isomerizing to deprotonated N-bonded isomers in nonacidic solutions. Cyclovoltammetry in base produces reversible Ru-III/II couples for the substitution-inert deprotonated form, [(NH3)(5)RuNHCOR](2+/+), which protonates for Ru(II) in acidic and neutral solutions (pK(a) similar to 7) and isomerizes to the O-bonded amide. Following oxidation to Ru(III), isomerization of the O-bonded amides (pK(a) greater than or equal to 10) back to the N-bonded amides (pK(a) less than or equal to 2) is driven by selective deprotonation to [(NH3)(5)Ru(III)NHCOR](2+). In water (pH 6.2, 25 degrees C) the O-bonded amides on Ru(III) isomerize (similar to 50%) in parallel with aquation (R = H, k(obs) = k(ON) + k(aq) = 8.1 x 10(-4) s(-1)), and both processes are catalyzed by base and Ru(II). In strong acid, Ru(III) complexes of uncharged N-bound amides are thermodynamically unstable but kinetically robust (t(1/2) > 6 days, 18 degrees C, H2O) as the stable iminol tautomer, [(NH3)(5)RuNH=C(OH)R](3+). This has to tautomerize to [(NH3)(5)RuNH(2)COR](3+) before N- to O-isomerization which is much slower than subsequent solvolysis of the O-bonded isomer and hence undetectable in coordinating solvents. The substitution lability of O-bonded amides in coordinating solvents, tautomerization of N-bonded amides on Ru-III, and catalysis by Ru-II and base complicate measurements of the rates for linkage isomerizations.
Keyword Linkage Isomerization
Base Hydrolysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: WoS Import - Archived
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