Assessing physical activity levels of elderly Malays living in semi-rural areas using tri-axial accelerometer

Nurdiana, A., Brown, W. J., Clark, B., Ahmad Munir, C. M. and Rabindarjeet, Singh (2016) Assessing physical activity levels of elderly Malays living in semi-rural areas using tri-axial accelerometer. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 22 3: 363-374.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Nurdiana, A.
Brown, W. J.
Clark, B.
Ahmad Munir, C. M.
Rabindarjeet, Singh
Title Assessing physical activity levels of elderly Malays living in semi-rural areas using tri-axial accelerometer
Journal name Malaysian Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1394-035X
Publication date 2016-12-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 22
Issue 3
Start page 363
End page 374
Total pages 12
Place of publication Serdang, Malaysia
Publisher Nutrition Society of Malaysia
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction: Population-based physical activity (PA) data are lacking in multicultural South East Asia. Malaysian elderly Malays, for example, are occupied daily with religious and community activities. Those living in rural areas also have a distinctively different lifestyle in terms of walking habits and leisure-time activities, compared to people from urban areas.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 146 community-dwelling Malay adults aged 60 to 85 years (mean (SD) = 67.6 (6.4) years) living in semi-rural areas in Seberang Perai Utara, Penang, Malaysia. Each participant was interviewed using a questionnaire for their socio-economic background and self-reported PA levels. Then, the participants were invited to wear an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X or GT3X+) during their waking hours for seven consecutive days.

Results: Daily activity patterns of the participants were dominated by sedentary time (7.9 (SD 2.1) hours/day; 52% of wear time) and light intensity activity (7.0 (1.9) hours/day; 46% of wear time). The participants spent 24 (SD 30) minutes daily in 'health enhancing' (i.e. moderate-vigorous intensity) activities. Men spent significantly more time in higher intensity activities than women. Average daily step count was more than 10,000 (mean = 12,542 [4,857]) steps/day.

Conclusion: Based on the accelerometer counts, these elderly Malay participants were assessed to be sedentary for most of the time during the day, though their daily step count exceeded 10,000 on average. Community- living older adults, especially women,should be encouraged to increase their physical activity levels.
Keyword Malaysian
Older adults
Physical activity assessment
Vector magnitude
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Malaysian Journal of Nutrition

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Mon, 06 Feb 2017, 10:56:44 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences