Developing a theory of change for a community-based response to illegal wildlife trade

Biggs, Duan, Cooney, Rosie, Roe, Dilys, Dublin, Holly T. , Allan, James R. , Challender, Dan W. S. and Skinner, Diane (2017) Developing a theory of change for a community-based response to illegal wildlife trade. Conservation Biology, 31 1: 5-12. doi:10.1111/cobi.12796


Author Biggs, Duan
Cooney, Rosie
Roe, Dilys
Dublin, Holly T.
Allan, James R.
Challender, Dan W. S.
Skinner, Diane
Title Developing a theory of change for a community-based response to illegal wildlife trade
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1523-1739
0888-8892
Publication date 2017-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/cobi.12796
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 31
Issue 1
Start page 5
End page 12
Total pages 8
Place of publication Malden, MA, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The escalating illegal wildlife trade (IWT) is one of the most high-profile conservation challenges today. The crisis has attracted over US$350 million in donor and government funding in recent years, primarily directed at increased enforcement. There is growing recognition among practitioners and policy makers of the need to engage rural communities that neighbor or live with wildlife as key partners in tackling IWT. However, a framework to guide such community engagement is lacking. We developed a theory of change (ToC) to guide policy makers, donors, and practitioners in partnering with communities to combat IWT. We identified 4 pathways for community-level actions: strengthen disincentives for illegal behavior, increase incentives for wildlife stewardship, decrease costs of living with wildlife, and support livelihoods that are not related to wildlife. To succeed the pathways, all require strengthening of enabling conditions, including capacity building, and of governance. Our ToC serves to guide actions to tackle IWT and to inform the evaluation of policies. Moreover, it can be used to foster dialogue among IWT stakeholders, from local communities to governments and international donors, to develop a more effective, holistic, and sustainable community-based response to the IWT crisis.
Keyword Community-based conservation
Livelihoods
Open standards
Poaching
Results chains
Social learning
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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