Gendered vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers to climate change in conflict-prone areas: a case study from Mindanao, Philippines

Chandra, Alvin, McNamara, Karen E., Dargusch, Paul, Caspe, Ana Maria and Dalabajan, Dante (2017) Gendered vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers to climate change in conflict-prone areas: a case study from Mindanao, Philippines. Journal of Rural Studies, 50 45-59. doi:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.12.011


Author Chandra, Alvin
McNamara, Karen E.
Dargusch, Paul
Caspe, Ana Maria
Dalabajan, Dante
Title Gendered vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers to climate change in conflict-prone areas: a case study from Mindanao, Philippines
Journal name Journal of Rural Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0743-0167
1873-1392
Publication date 2017-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.12.011
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 50
Start page 45
End page 59
Total pages 15
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Subject 3305 Geography, Planning and Development
3303 Development
3312 Sociology and Political Science
Abstract Smallholder farmers in the Philippines are typically considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change, yet, relatively little is known about how that vulnerability differs between men and women farmers, particularly in conflict-prone areas. Using the region of Mindanao in Philippines as a case study, this paper presents an analysis of focus groups (n = 14) and interviews (n = 77) to showcase gendered vulnerabilities of smallholder farmers to climate change. This analysis reveals that both climate change and conflict significantly increase smallholder vulnerability, resulting in loss of livelihoods, financial assets, agricultural yield and the worsening of debt problems. Women and men are affected differently, resulting in changing farming patterns and coping strategies. Women are more disadvantaged and as such tend to farm in smaller plots, work shorter hours or limit farming to cash crops. Extreme climate events in conflict-prone agrarian communities appear to subject women to forced migration, increased discrimination, loss of customary rights to land, resource poverty and food insecurity. The paper concludes by recommending implementing climate-smart agriculture solutions that are both gender and conflict sensitive.
Keyword Agriculture
Climate change
Gender
Loss and damage
Mindanao
Smallholder
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Earth Sciences Publications
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