Subclinical depression in Urban Indian adolescents: prevalence, felt needs, and correlates

Singhal, Meghna, Manjula, M. and Vijay Sagar, K. John (2016) Subclinical depression in Urban Indian adolescents: prevalence, felt needs, and correlates. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 58 4: 394-402. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.196727


Author Singhal, Meghna
Manjula, M.
Vijay Sagar, K. John
Title Subclinical depression in Urban Indian adolescents: prevalence, felt needs, and correlates
Journal name Indian Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1998-3794
0019-5545
Publication date 2016-10-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4103/0019-5545.196727
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 58
Issue 4
Start page 394
End page 402
Total pages 9
Place of publication Mumbai, Maharastra India
Publisher Medknow Publications and Media
Language eng
Abstract Subclinical depression in adolescents constitutes a risk factor for future clinical depression and hence warrants examination. However, there is a paucity of research that documents subclinical depression among adolescents in India.

(a) To investigate the prevalence of subclinical depression in urban school-going adolescents; (b) to investigate the problems and felt needs of these adolescents; (c) to examine depression-related variables; and (d) to examine the relationships between socio-demographic and depression-related variables.

Eight hundred adolescents (ages 13-18 years) of English-medium schools of Bangalore city were assessed using standardized self-report measures.

Academic difficulties were the most frequently reported problem, followed by interpersonal issues. Of the sample, 18% adolescents were identified as endorsing subclinical depression. Adolescents in the present study scored higher on measures of depression and negative cognitions than their Western counterparts. In addition, girls were found to be at higher risk for experiencing depressive symptoms and negative cognitions, lower social problem-solving skills, and more problematic interpersonal relationships as compared to boys.

Identification of subclinical depression constitutes an important goal, as it places an adolescent at risk of considerable vulnerability and impairment.
Formatted abstract
Background: Subclinical depression in adolescents constitutes a risk factor for future clinical depression and hence warrants examination. However, there is a paucity of research that documents subclinical depression among adolescents in India.

Objectives: (a) To investigate the prevalence of subclinical depression in urban school-going adolescents; (b) to investigate the problems and felt needs of these adolescents; (c) to examine depression-related variables; and (d) to examine the relationships between socio-demographic and depression-related variables.

Materials and Methods: Eight hundred adolescents (ages 13–18 years) of English-medium schools of Bangalore city were assessed using standardized self-report measures.

Results: Academic difficulties were the most frequently reported problem, followed by interpersonal issues. Of the sample, 18% adolescents were identified as endorsing subclinical depression. Adolescents in the present study scored higher on measures of depression and negative cognitions than their Western counterparts. In addition, girls were found to be at higher risk for experiencing depressive symptoms and negative cognitions, lower social problem-solving skills, and more problematic interpersonal relationships as compared to boys.

Conclusion: Identification of subclinical depression constitutes an important goal, as it places an adolescent at risk of considerable vulnerability and impairment.
Keyword Adolescent
Felt needs
India
Subclinical depression
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
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