Animal forests through time: historical data to understand present changes in marine ecosystems

Thurstan, Ruth H., Pandolfi, John M. and zu Ermgassen, Philine S. E. (2016). Animal forests through time: historical data to understand present changes in marine ecosystems. In Sergio Rossi, Lorenzo Bramanti, Andrea Gori and Covadonga Orejas Saco del Valle (Ed.), Marine animal forests (pp. 1-17) Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17001-5_31-1

Author Thurstan, Ruth H.
Pandolfi, John M.
zu Ermgassen, Philine S. E.
Title of chapter Animal forests through time: historical data to understand present changes in marine ecosystems
Title of book Marine animal forests
Place of Publication Cham, Switzerland
Publisher Springer International Publishing
Publication Year 2016
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-17001-5_31-1
Open Access Status Not Open Access
ISBN 9783319170015
Editor Sergio Rossi
Lorenzo Bramanti
Andrea Gori
Covadonga Orejas Saco del Valle
Chapter number 3
Start page 1
End page 17
Total pages 17
Total chapters 45
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Animal forests form the foundation of many important marine benthic habitats. However, a near ubiquitous lack of long-term scientific data raises significant challenges in assessing how these communities have changed over time in response to human impacts and how they might respond to future perturbations. To address these questions, alternative sources of data have to be gathered. Marine historical ecology is a rapidly growing field of research that uses historical sources to challenge our assumptions about what is natural in our marine environments. This discipline thus has the potential to fill some of the gaps in our understanding of animal forests through time. This chapter reviews how historical ecology research helps us to better understand the changes that have occurred in marine animal forests, focusing in particular upon oyster and shallow-water coral communities. The variety of data sources available and the methodologies that have been used to uncover past changes in these and related ecosystems are highlighted. The use of historical data to inform restoration efforts and emerging concepts in marine ecology, such as ecosystem service provision, is examined. Finally, the limitations of historical data and remaining knowledge gaps with regard to past animal forest communities are discussed.
Keyword Benthic communities
Demersal trawling
Historical ecology
Marine fisheries
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Link to publishers book site with TOC -

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Created: Wed, 11 Jan 2017, 00:38:06 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences