The association between particulate air pollution and respiratory admissions among young children in Hanoi, Vietnam

Luong, Ly M. T., Phung, Dung, Sly, Peter D., Morawska, Lidia and Thai, Phong K. (2017) The association between particulate air pollution and respiratory admissions among young children in Hanoi, Vietnam. Science of the Total Environment, 578 249-255. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.012


Author Luong, Ly M. T.
Phung, Dung
Sly, Peter D.
Morawska, Lidia
Thai, Phong K.
Title The association between particulate air pollution and respiratory admissions among young children in Hanoi, Vietnam
Journal name Science of the Total Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1879-1026
0048-9697
Publication date 2017-02-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.012
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 578
Start page 249
End page 255
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
While the effects of ambient air pollution on health have been studied extensively in many developed countries, few studies have been conducted in Vietnam, where the population is exposed to high levels of airborne particulate matter. The aim of our study was to examine the short-term effects of PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 on respiratory admissions among young children in Hanoi. Data on daily admissions from the Vietnam National Hospital of Paediatrics and daily records of PM10, PM2.5, PM1 and other confounding factors as NO2, SO2, CO, O3 and temperature were collected from September 2010 to September 2011. A time-stratified case-crossover design with individual lag model was applied to evaluate the associations between particulate air pollution and respiratory admissions. Significant effects on daily hospital admissions for respiratory disease were found for PM10, PM2.5 and PM1. An increase in 10μg/m3 of PM10, PM2.5 or PM1 was associated with an increase in risk of admission of 1.4%, 2.2% or 2.5% on the same day of exposure, respectively. No significant difference between the effects on males and females was found in the study. The study demonstrated that infants and young children in Hanoi are at increased risk of respiratory admissions due to the high level of airborne particles in the city's ambient air.
Keyword Airborne particles
Children
Hanoi
Particulate air pollution
Respiratory admission
Vietnam
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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