Dimensions of stereotypical attitudes among older adults: analysis of two countries

Helmes, Edward and Pachana, Nancy A. (2016) Dimensions of stereotypical attitudes among older adults: analysis of two countries. Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 16 11: 1226-1230. doi:10.1111/ggi.12613


Author Helmes, Edward
Pachana, Nancy A.
Title Dimensions of stereotypical attitudes among older adults: analysis of two countries
Journal name Geriatrics and Gerontology International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1447-0594
1444-1586
Publication date 2016-11-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/ggi.12613
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 16
Issue 11
Start page 1226
End page 1230
Total pages 5
Place of publication Richmond, VIC, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim: Much research on attitudes towards older adults has used younger adults as participants and identified a range of negative attitudes towards older persons. Comparatively little literature has explored the attitudes of older adults themselves towards their own age cohort.

Methods: The present study explicitly compared attitudes towards other older adults from samples of 195 older adults in Australia and 172 older Canadians. Attitudinal measures included the Aging Attitudes Questionnaire (assesses older adults' attitudes toward other older adults), Fraboni Scale of Ageism (assesses younger adults' attitudes toward older adults) and the Reactions to Aging Questionnaire (assesses attitudes toward one's own aging), as well as a scale measuring knowledge of aging, the Facts on Aging Quiz, adapted for Australia and Canada. Responses on the three attitudinal measures were subjected to principal components analysis.

Results: Two components emerged in both samples, one defined by the Reactions to Aging Questionnaire and Aging Attitudes Questionnaire scales and the second by the Fraboni Scale of Ageism scales. Regression analyses to ascertain prediction of scores on the Facts on Aging Quiz, adapted for Australia and Facts on Aging Quiz, adapted for Canada showed that only the Aging Attitudes Questionnaire scale for Physical Changes predicted scores on the Facts on Aging Quiz, adapted for Australia and no attitudes predicted Facts on Aging Quiz, adapted for Canada scores.

Conclusions: It appears that older adults distinguish between their own aging and aging in others. Knowledge of aging appears to be predicted only by attitudes toward physical changes. Given increasing proportions of older adults in the population, as well as increasing access to aging information available to older cohorts, continued research on how older adults view themselves and the aging process is important, and will almost certainly continue to evolve over time.
Keyword Aging
Attitudes
Knowledge about aging
Older adults' attitudes
Stereotypes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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