Gender differences in delinquency at 21 years following childhood maltreatment: a birth cohort study

Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu, Kisely, Steve, Williams, Gail, Strathearn, Lane, Clavarino, Alexandra and Najman, Jake Moses (2017) Gender differences in delinquency at 21 years following childhood maltreatment: a birth cohort study. Personality and Individual Differences, 106 95-103. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.10.020

Author Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu
Kisely, Steve
Williams, Gail
Strathearn, Lane
Clavarino, Alexandra
Najman, Jake Moses
Title Gender differences in delinquency at 21 years following childhood maltreatment: a birth cohort study
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
Publication date 2017-02-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2016.10.020
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 106
Start page 95
End page 103
Total pages 9
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Subject 3200 Psychology
Abstract Childhood maltreatment and youth delinquency are major public health problems. The present study examines the association between exposure to agency substantiated childhood maltreatment from 0 to 14 years of age and delinquency at 21 years in males and females separately. The study uses data from the Mater Hospital-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, an Australian pre-birth longitudinal cohort of mothers and their children. Pregnant women were recruited consecutively at their first antenatal clinic visit at Brisbane's Mater Hospital from 1981 to 1983. We linked substantiated cases of childhood maltreatment, reported to the appropriate child protection services between birth and 14 years of age, to the 21-year survey follow-up. The study sample comprises 1810 males and 2008 females, who had complete data on delinquency at the 21-year follow-up. The odds of delinquency at the 21-year follow-up were 4–6 times higher for maltreated children in the unadjusted models. In the adjusted models, physical abuse, emotional abuse and neglect, as well as emotional abuse with or without neglect were associated with over 3 times a greater risk of delinquency in males. More frequent maltreatment was associated with double the risk of later delinquency in males. However, none of the maltreatment subtypes, nor was the frequency of maltreatment substantiations associated with an increased risk of delinquency in females. Exposure to any childhood maltreatment increased the likelihood of delinquency for males but there was no difference for females. Childhood maltreatment is associated with an increased risk of later delinquency for young adult males, but not females.
Keyword Substantiated childhood maltreatment
Gender differences
Birth cohort study
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 1009460
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Thu, 10 Nov 2016, 23:33:30 EST by Amanuel Abajobir on behalf of School of Pharmacy