Higher hair nicotine level in children compared to mother living with smoking father in Malaysia

Mohamed, Nur Nadia, Loy, See Ling, Man, Che Nin, Al-Mamun, Abdullah and Jan Mohamed, Hamid Jan (2016) Higher hair nicotine level in children compared to mother living with smoking father in Malaysia. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 21 6: 1-7. doi:10.1007/s12199-016-0584-5


Author Mohamed, Nur Nadia
Loy, See Ling
Man, Che Nin
Al-Mamun, Abdullah
Jan Mohamed, Hamid Jan
Title Higher hair nicotine level in children compared to mother living with smoking father in Malaysia
Journal name Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1347-4715
1342-078X
Publication date 2016-10-21
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s12199-016-0584-5
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 21
Issue 6
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Place of publication Tokyo, Japan
Publisher Springer Japan KK
Language eng
Abstract The objectives of this study are to determine parental and children's hair nicotine levels, their relationships as well as to investigate the association of smoking status of the fathers with mothers' and children's hair nicotine.

A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 124 families who were participants of the Universiti Sains Malaysia Pregnancy Cohort Study. Both parents with their 2 years old children joined this study. A total of 92 hair samples of fathers, 124 hair samples of mothers and 111 hair samples of children were collected and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Of total, 52.4 % of the fathers reported smoking. None of the mothers were smokers. Hair nicotine levels of fathers were found to be significantly correlated with mothers (r = 0.233, p = 0.026) and children (r = 0.508, p < 0.001). Children living with smoking fathers had significantly higher median hair nicotine level compared to the children of non-smoking fathers (6.08 vs 0.22 ng/mg, p = 0.046). However, this association was not seen in the mothers. Quantile regression showed significant association between fathers' and children's hair nicotine.

There is a positive relationship between fathers' hair nicotine with mother's and children's hair nicotine. Living with smoking fathers can contribute to higher hair nicotine levels in children but not in mothers.
Formatted abstract
Objectives: The objectives of this study are to determine parental and children’s hair nicotine levels, their relationships as well as to investigate the association of smoking status of the fathers with mothers’ and children’s hair nicotine.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 124 families who were participants of the Universiti Sains Malaysia Pregnancy Cohort Study. Both parents with their 2 years old children joined this study. A total of 92 hair samples of fathers, 124 hair samples of mothers and 111 hair samples of children were collected and analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry.

Results: Of total, 52.4 % of the fathers reported smoking. None of the mothers were smokers. Hair nicotine levels of fathers were found to be significantly correlated with mothers (r = 0.233, p = 0.026) and children (r = 0.508, p < 0.001). Children living with smoking fathers had significantly higher median hair nicotine level compared to the children of non-smoking fathers (6.08 vs 0.22 ng/mg, p = 0.046). However, this association was not seen in the mothers. Quantile regression showed significant association between fathers’ and children’s hair nicotine.

Conclusion: There is a positive relationship between fathers’ hair nicotine with mother’s and children’s hair nicotine. Living with smoking fathers can contribute to higher hair nicotine levels in children but not in mothers.
Keyword Children
Hair nicotine
Mothers
Secondhand smoke
Smoking
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
 
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