The diversity and prevalence of sexual orientation self-labels in a New Zealand National Sample

Greaves, Lara M., Barlow, Fiona Kate, Lee, Carol H. J., Matika, Correna M., Wang, Weiyu, Lindsay, Cinnamon-Jo, Case, Claudia J. B., Sengupta, Nikhil K., Huang, Yanshu, Cowie, Lucy J., Stronge, Samantha, Storey, Mary, de Souza, Lucy, Manuela, Sam, Hammond, Matthew D., Milojev, Petar, Townrow, Carly S., Muriwai, Emerald, Satherley, Nicole, Fraser, Gloria, West-Newman, Tim, Houkamau, Carla, Bulbulia, Joseph, Osborne, Danny, Wilson, Marc S. and Sibley, Chris G. (2016) The diversity and prevalence of sexual orientation self-labels in a New Zealand National Sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46 5: 1-12. doi:10.1007/s10508-016-0857-5


Author Greaves, Lara M.
Barlow, Fiona Kate
Lee, Carol H. J.
Matika, Correna M.
Wang, Weiyu
Lindsay, Cinnamon-Jo
Case, Claudia J. B.
Sengupta, Nikhil K.
Huang, Yanshu
Cowie, Lucy J.
Stronge, Samantha
Storey, Mary
de Souza, Lucy
Manuela, Sam
Hammond, Matthew D.
Milojev, Petar
Townrow, Carly S.
Muriwai, Emerald
Satherley, Nicole
Fraser, Gloria
West-Newman, Tim
Houkamau, Carla
Bulbulia, Joseph
Osborne, Danny
Wilson, Marc S.
Sibley, Chris G.
Title The diversity and prevalence of sexual orientation self-labels in a New Zealand National Sample
Journal name Archives of Sexual Behavior   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-0002
1573-2800
Publication date 2016-09-29
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10508-016-0857-5
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 46
Issue 5
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Abstract In this study, we asked participants to "describe their sexual orientation" in an open-ended measure of self-generated sexual orientation. The question was included as part of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 18,261) 2013/2014 wave, a national probability survey conducted shortly after the first legal same-sex marriages in New Zealand. We present a two-level classification scheme to address questions about the prevalence of, and demographic differences between, sexual orientations. At the most detailed level of the coding scheme, 49 unique categories were generated by participant responses. Of those who responded with the following, significantly more were women: bisexual (2.1 % of women, compared to 1.5 % of men), bicurious (0.7 % of women, 0.4 % of men), and asexual (0.4 % of women and less than 0.1 % of men). However, significantly fewer women than men reported being lesbian or gay (1.8 % of women, compared to 3.5 % of men). Those openly identifying as bicurious, bisexual, or lesbian/gay were significantly younger than those with a heterosexual orientation. This study shows diversity in the terms used in self-generated sexual orientations, and provides up-to-date gender, age, and prevalence estimates for the New Zealand population. Finally, results reveal that a substantial minority of participants may not have understood the question about sexual orientation.
Formatted abstract
In this study, we asked participants to “describe their sexual orientation” in an open-ended measure of self-generated sexual orientation. The question was included as part of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 18,261) 2013/2014 wave, a national probability survey conducted shortly after the first legal same-sex marriages in New Zealand. We present a two-level classification scheme to address questions about the prevalence of, and demographic differences between, sexual orientations. At the most detailed level of the coding scheme, 49 unique categories were generated by participant responses. Of those who responded with the following, significantly more were women: bisexual (2.1 % of women, compared to 1.5 % of men), bicurious (0.7 % of women, 0.4 % of men), and asexual (0.4 % of women and less than 0.1 % of men). However, significantly fewer women than men reported being lesbian or gay (1.8 % of women, compared to 3.5 % of men). Those openly identifying as bicurious, bisexual, or lesbian/gay were significantly younger than those with a heterosexual orientation. This study shows diversity in the terms used in self-generated sexual orientations, and provides up-to-date gender, age, and prevalence estimates for the New Zealand population. Finally, results reveal that a substantial minority of participants may not have understood the question about sexual orientation.
Keyword Asexuality
Heteronormativity
Heterosexuality
Pansexuality
Sexual identity
Sexual orientation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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