A citizen science approach: a detailed ecological assessment of subtropical reefs at Point Lookout, Australia

Roelfsema, Chris, Thurstan, Ruth, Beger, Maria, Dudgeon, Christine, Loder, Jennifer, Kovacs, Eva, Gallo, Michele, Flower, Jason, Gomez Cabrera, K-le, Ortiz, Juan, Lea, Alexandra and Kleine, Diana (2016) A citizen science approach: a detailed ecological assessment of subtropical reefs at Point Lookout, Australia. PLoS One, 11 10: . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163407

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Author Roelfsema, Chris
Thurstan, Ruth
Beger, Maria
Dudgeon, Christine
Loder, Jennifer
Kovacs, Eva
Gallo, Michele
Flower, Jason
Gomez Cabrera, K-le
Ortiz, Juan
Lea, Alexandra
Kleine, Diana
Title A citizen science approach: a detailed ecological assessment of subtropical reefs at Point Lookout, Australia
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2016-10-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0163407
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 10
Total pages 20
Place of publication San Francisco, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Subject 1300 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
1100 Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Abstract Subtropical reefs provide an important habitat for flora and fauna, and proper monitoring is required for conservation. Monitoring these exposed and submerged reefs is challenging and available resources are limited. Citizen science is increasing in momentum, as an applied research tool and in the variety of monitoring approaches adopted. This paper aims to demonstrate an ecological assessment and mapping approach that incorporates both top-down (volunteer marine scientists) and bottom-up (divers/community) engagement aspects of citizen science, applied at a subtropical reef at Point Lookout, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Marine scientists trained fifty citizen scientists in survey techniques that included mapping of habitat features, recording of substrate, fish and invertebrate composition, and quantifying impacts (e.g., occurrence of substrate damage, presence of litter). In 2014 these volunteers conducted four seasonal surveys along semi-permanent transects, at five sites, across three reefs. The project presented is a model on how citizen science can be conducted in a marine environment through collaboration of volunteer researchers, non-researchers and local marine authorities. Significant differences in coral and algal cover were observed among the three sites, while fluctuations in algal cover were also observed seasonally. Differences in fish assemblages were apparent among sites and seasons, with subtropical fish groups observed more commonly in colder seasons. The least physical damage occurred in the most exposed sites (Flat Rock) within the highly protected marine park zones. The broad range of data collected through this top-down/bottom-up approach to citizen science exemplifies the projects’ value and application for identifying ecosystem trends or patterns. The results of the project support natural resource and marine park management, providing a valuable contribution to existing scientific knowledge and the conservation of local reefs.
Keyword Citizen science
Ecological assessment
Point Lookout (Qld.)
Benthic habitat mapping
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article number e0163407

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Created: Tue, 11 Oct 2016, 22:53:59 EST by Mr Chris Roelfsema on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management