Pulpal response following photo-biomodulation with a 904-nm diode laser: a double-blind clinical study

Liang, Ryan, George, Roy and Walsh, Laurence J. (2016) Pulpal response following photo-biomodulation with a 904-nm diode laser: a double-blind clinical study. Lasers in Medical Science, 31 9: 1-7. doi:10.1007/s10103-016-2055-z


Author Liang, Ryan
George, Roy
Walsh, Laurence J.
Title Pulpal response following photo-biomodulation with a 904-nm diode laser: a double-blind clinical study
Journal name Lasers in Medical Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1435-604X
0268-8921
Publication date 2016-08-23
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10103-016-2055-z
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 31
Issue 9
Start page 1
End page 7
Total pages 7
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Springer U K
Language eng
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate pulpal responses in healthy human teeth to photo-biomodulation therapy (PBMT) with 904-nm GaAs diode laser. The study followed a double-blind split mouth design, with a randomly selected maxillary first premolar acting as a sham-irradiated control tooth, and the contralateral tooth receiving active laser treatment. Two coded but otherwise identical laser probes (Irradia™, SpectraMedics Ltd., NC, USA) were used to deliver the sham (placebo) and laser radiation, with both the operator and patient unaware of each probe's identity. The selection of teeth for sham or laser irradiation was randomised for each treatment. Pulpal responses were assessed using electric pulp testing (EPT), 2 min prior to exposure, and immediately after laser irradiation (60 s, 30 mW average power, 25 Hz pulse frequency, 3.6 J/cm(2)). Treatment effects were analysed using the Wilcoxon-signed rank test. A total of 30 participants provided written informed consent. Majority of the participants (66.7 %) demonstrated an analgesic effect following PBMT (elevated EPT scores); however, nine participants (30 %) reported the lower EPT scores than the control. Both the treatment effects (stimulation and analgesia) were significant compared to the placebo. In most individuals, PBMT of healthy teeth with a 904-nm GaAs diode laser can induce analgesia, as witnessed by elevated EPT scores. A converse effect can occur in a minority of subjects.
Formatted abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulpal responses in healthy human teeth to photo-biomodulation therapy (PBMT) with 904-nm GaAs diode laser. The study followed a double-blind split mouth design, with a randomly selected maxillary first premolar acting as a sham-irradiated control tooth, and the contralateral tooth receiving active laser treatment. Two coded but otherwise identical laser probes (Irradia™, SpectraMedics Ltd., NC, USA) were used to deliver the sham (placebo) and laser radiation, with both the operator and patient unaware of each probe’s identity. The selection of teeth for sham or laser irradiation was randomised for each treatment. Pulpal responses were assessed using electric pulp testing (EPT), 2 min prior to exposure, and immediately after laser irradiation (60 s, 30 mW average power, 25 Hz pulse frequency, 3.6 J/cm2). Treatment effects were analysed using the Wilcoxon-signed rank test. A total of 30 participants provided written informed consent. Majority of the participants (66.7 %) demonstrated an analgesic effect following PBMT (elevated EPT scores); however, nine participants (30 %) reported the lower EPT scores than the control. Both the treatment effects (stimulation and analgesia) were significant compared to the placebo. In most individuals, PBMT of healthy teeth with a 904-nm GaAs diode laser can induce analgesia, as witnessed by elevated EPT scores. A converse effect can occur in a minority of subjects.
Keyword Analgesia
Diode laser
Endodontics
Pain
Pulp testing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Dentistry Publications
 
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