Prevalence of anxiety disorders among children who stutter

Iverach, Lisa, Jones, Mark, McLellan, Lauren F., Lyneham, Heidi J., Menzies, Ross G., Onslow, Mark and Rapee, Ronald M. (2016) Prevalence of anxiety disorders among children who stutter. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 49 13-28. doi:10.1016/j.jfludis.2016.07.002


Author Iverach, Lisa
Jones, Mark
McLellan, Lauren F.
Lyneham, Heidi J.
Menzies, Ross G.
Onslow, Mark
Rapee, Ronald M.
Title Prevalence of anxiety disorders among children who stutter
Journal name Journal of Fluency Disorders   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-801X
0094-730X
Publication date 2016-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jfludis.2016.07.002
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 49
Start page 13
End page 28
Total pages 16
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: Stuttering during adulthood is associated with a heightened rate of anxiety disorders, especially social anxiety disorder. Given the early onset of both anxiety and stuttering, this comorbidity could be present among stuttering children.

Method: Participants were 75 stuttering children 7–12 years and 150 matched non-stuttering control children. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for anxiety disorders, and two-sample t-tests compared scores on measures of anxiety and psycho-social difficulties.

Results: Compared to non-stuttering controls, the stuttering group had six-fold increased odds for social anxiety disorder, seven-fold increased odds for subclinical generalized anxiety disorder, and four-fold increased odds for any anxiety disorder.

Conclusion: These results show that, as is the case during adulthood, stuttering during childhood is associated with a significantly heightened rate of anxiety disorders. Future research is needed to determine the impact of those disorders on speech treatment outcomes.
Keyword Anxiety disorders
Diagnosis
Social anxiety disorder
Stuttering
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
 
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