Using the health belief model to explain mothers’ and fathers’ intention to participate in universal parenting programs

Salari, Raziye and Filus, Ania (2016) Using the health belief model to explain mothers’ and fathers’ intention to participate in universal parenting programs. Prevention Science, 18 1: 1-12. doi:10.1007/s11121-016-0696-6


Author Salari, Raziye
Filus, Ania
Title Using the health belief model to explain mothers’ and fathers’ intention to participate in universal parenting programs
Journal name Prevention Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1389-4986
1573-6695
Publication date 2016-09-17
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11121-016-0696-6
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 18
Issue 1
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Language eng
Subject 2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Abstract Using the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a theoretical framework, we studied factors related to parental intention to participate in parenting programs and examined the moderating effects of parent gender on these factors. Participants were a community sample of 290 mothers and 290 fathers of 5- to 10-year-old children. Parents completed a set of questionnaires assessing child emotional and behavioral difficulties and the HBM constructs concerning perceived program benefits and barriers, perceived child problem susceptibility and severity, and perceived self-efficacy. The hypothesized model was evaluated using structural equation modeling. The results showed that, for both mothers and fathers, perceived program benefits were associated with higher intention to participate in parenting programs. In addition, higher intention to participate was associated with lower perceived barriers only in the sample of mothers and with higher perceived self-efficacy only in the sample of fathers. No significant relations were found between intention to participate and perceived child problem susceptibility and severity. Mediation analyses indicated that, for both mothers and fathers, child emotional and behavioral problems had an indirect effect on parents’ intention to participate by increasing the level of perceived benefits of the program. As a whole, the proposed model explained about 45 % of the variance in parental intention to participate. The current study suggests that mothers and fathers may be motivated by different factors when making their decision to participate in a parenting program. This finding can inform future parent engagement strategies intended to increase both mothers’ and fathers’ participation rates in parenting programs.
Keyword Fathers
Health Belief Model
Intention to participate
Mothers
Universal parenting programs
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID HFÅ 2010/103
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Psychology Publications
 
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