Tigecycline use in the outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy setting

Ingram, P. R., Rawlins, M. D. M., Murray, R. J., Roberts, J. A. and Manning, L. (2016) Tigecycline use in the outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy setting. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 35 10: 1673-1677. doi:10.1007/s10096-016-2709-6


Author Ingram, P. R.
Rawlins, M. D. M.
Murray, R. J.
Roberts, J. A.
Manning, L.
Title Tigecycline use in the outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy setting
Journal name European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1435-4373
0934-9723
Publication date 2016-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10096-016-2709-6
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 35
Issue 10
Start page 1673
End page 1677
Total pages 5
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract In the context of globally increasing antimicrobial resistance, tigecycline appears to be a useful therapeutic option. The need for prolonged courses for complex infections has prompted consideration of its use via outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) programmes, although clinical outcomes when used in this setting remain unknown. We retrospectively reviewed the patient characteristics and outcomes of 11 patients who received tigecycline, most commonly delivered as 100 mg once daily, via OPAT at three tertiary Australian hospitals. Rates of co-morbidity and prior antibiotic use were high. Patients had a wide range of infections including bone and/or joint (n = 5), intra-abdominal (n = 3), lower respiratory tract (n = 2) and parapharyngeal abscess (n = 1). Mycobacterial species (n = 5) were the most frequent pathogen, and multi-resistant organisms were common (n = 4). The median OPAT duration was 14 days (IQR 6-30). Nausea was encountered in 45 % of cases. At completion of OPAT, 1 patient (9 %) was cured, 2 (18 %) had improved and 8 (73 %) failed therapy. Failure occurred due to either progression or non-response of infection (n = 4), re-admission (n = 3), premature cessation of tigecycline due to nausea (n = 3) or death (n = 1). Whilst OPAT delivery of tigecycline is a therapeutic option, when used as second-line therapy for complex, often multi-resistant infections in patients with multiple comorbidities, high rates of clinical failure, readmissions and adverse effects, especially nausea, should be anticipated.
Formatted abstract
In the context of globally increasing antimicrobial resistance, tigecycline appears to be a useful therapeutic option. The need for prolonged courses for complex infections has prompted consideration of its use via outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) programmes, although clinical outcomes when used in this setting remain unknown. We retrospectively reviewed the patient characteristics and outcomes of 11 patients who received tigecycline, most commonly delivered as 100 mg once daily, via OPAT at three tertiary Australian hospitals. Rates of co-morbidity and prior antibiotic use were high. Patients had a wide range of infections including bone and/or joint (n = 5), intra-abdominal (n = 3), lower respiratory tract (n = 2) and parapharyngeal abscess (n = 1). Mycobacterial species (n = 5) were the most frequent pathogen, and multi-resistant organisms were common (n = 4). The median OPAT duration was 14 days (IQR 6–30). Nausea was encountered in 45 % of cases. At completion of OPAT, 1 patient (9 %) was cured, 2 (18 %) had improved and 8 (73 %) failed therapy. Failure occurred due to either progression or non-response of infection (n = 4), re-admission (n = 3), premature cessation of tigecycline due to nausea (n = 3) or death (n = 1). Whilst OPAT delivery of tigecycline is a therapeutic option, when used as second-line therapy for complex, often multi-resistant infections in patients with multiple comorbidities, high rates of clinical failure, readmissions and adverse effects, especially nausea, should be anticipated.
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Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
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