Social correlates of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in China and India: a review

Cheng, Hui G., Shidhaye, Rahul, Charlson, Fiona, Deng, Fei, Lyngdoh, Tanica, Chen, Shengnan, Nanda, Sharmishtha, Lacroix, Kimberly, Baxter, Amanda and Whiteford, Harvey (2016) Social correlates of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in China and India: a review. The Lancet Psychiatry, 3 9: 882-899. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30166-3


Author Cheng, Hui G.
Shidhaye, Rahul
Charlson, Fiona
Deng, Fei
Lyngdoh, Tanica
Chen, Shengnan
Nanda, Sharmishtha
Lacroix, Kimberly
Baxter, Amanda
Whiteford, Harvey
Title Social correlates of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in China and India: a review
Journal name The Lancet Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2215-0374
2215-0366
Publication date 2016-09-01
Year available 2016
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30166-3
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 3
Issue 9
Start page 882
End page 899
Total pages 18
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher The Lancet Publishing Group
Language eng
Abstract Understanding the epidemiological profiles of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders provides opportunities for the identification of high-risk population subgroups and for the development of effective country-specific prevention and intervention strategies. Guided by the Conceptual Framework for Action on the Social Determinants of Health by WHO we reviewed the literature to examine the association between a range of social correlates (eg, sex, age, education, income, urbanicity, marital status, and regional differences) and mental, neurological, and substance use disorders in China and India, the most populous countries in the world. We looked for papers on mental, neurological, and substance use disorders with location identifiers and socioeconomic correlates published between 1990 and 2015 and our search found 65 relevant studies from China and 29 from India. Several association patterns between social correlates and mental, neurological, and substance use disorders were not consistent with those reported in high-income countries, including a high concentration of middle-aged men with alcohol use disorders in China and to a lesser extent in India, and a positive association between being married and depression among women in India. Consistent with previous global reports, low education and poverty were associated with higher occurrence of dementia in both China and India, although there is evidence of an interaction between education and income in the risk for dementia in China. Large variations across regions and ethnic groups were consistently documented in China. These unique correlation patterns for mental, neurological, and substance use disorders identified in China and India emphasise the importance of understanding the local social context when planning targeted strategies to reduce the burden of these disorders. High-quality, up-to-date information about the constantly changing pattern of societal factors correlated with mental, neurological, and substance use disorders is urgently needed to help reduce the large and increasing negative social and economic effects that these conditions are having in China, India, and other low-income and middle-income countries.
Keyword Psychiatry
Psychiatry
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
 
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