Family psychosocial risk screening in infants and older children in the acute pediatric hospital setting using the psychosocial assessment tool

McCarthy, Maria C., Hearps, Stephen J. C., Muscara, Frank, Anderson, Vicki A., Burke, Kylie, Hearps, Simone J. and Kazak, Anne E. (2016) Family psychosocial risk screening in infants and older children in the acute pediatric hospital setting using the psychosocial assessment tool. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 41 7: 820-829. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsw055


Author McCarthy, Maria C.
Hearps, Stephen J. C.
Muscara, Frank
Anderson, Vicki A.
Burke, Kylie
Hearps, Simone J.
Kazak, Anne E.
Title Family psychosocial risk screening in infants and older children in the acute pediatric hospital setting using the psychosocial assessment tool
Journal name Journal of Pediatric Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0146-8693
1465-735X
Publication date 2016-08-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/jpepsy/jsw055
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 7
Start page 820
End page 829
Total pages 10
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Abstract To examine the validity of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) with families of infants (<2 years) and children admitted to hospital with acute life-threatening illnesses. 

 A total of 235 parents of 177 children admitted to oncology, cardiology, or pediatric intensive care completed the PAT and measures of acute stress, trait anxiety, family functioning, and quality of life, a mean 3.7 weeks following diagnosis. A modified PAT was used for families of infants, rendering two forms, PAT (<2) and PAT (2+). 

 Psychometrics for PAT (<2) and PAT (2+) were acceptable. PAT Total and Subscale scores for each version were significantly correlated with validation measures. Internal consistency for PAT subscales was variable. Receiver Operating Characteristics provided some support for PAT cutoffs. PAT scores across illness groups were comparable. 

 This study provides promising support for the PAT as a psychosocial screener for families of infants and older children across illness conditions.
Formatted abstract
Objective: To examine the validity of the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) with families of infants (<2 years) and children admitted to hospital with acute life-threatening illnesses. 

Methods: A total of 235 parents of 177 children admitted to oncology, cardiology, or pediatric intensive care completed the PAT and measures of acute stress, trait anxiety, family functioning, and quality of life, a mean 3.7 weeks following diagnosis. A modified PAT was used for families of infants, rendering two forms, PAT (<2) and PAT (2+). 

Results: Psychometrics for PAT (<2) and PAT (2+) were acceptable. PAT Total and Subscale scores for each version were significantly correlated with validation measures. Internal consistency for PAT subscales was variable. Receiver Operating Characteristics provided some support for PAT cutoffs. PAT scores across illness groups were comparable. 

Conclusions: This study provides promising support for the PAT as a psychosocial screener for families of infants and older children across illness conditions.
Keyword Childhood illness
Infants
Pediatrics
Psychosocial Assessment Tool
Psychosocial screening
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
Parenting and Family Support Centre (Triple P) - Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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