Response of lupin cultivars to concentration of calcium and activity of aluminum in dilute nutrient solutions

Alva A.K. and Edwards D.G. (1990) Response of lupin cultivars to concentration of calcium and activity of aluminum in dilute nutrient solutions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 13 1: 57-76. doi:10.1080/01904169009364059


Author Alva A.K.
Edwards D.G.
Title Response of lupin cultivars to concentration of calcium and activity of aluminum in dilute nutrient solutions
Journal name Journal of Plant Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1532-4087
Publication date 1990-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/01904169009364059
Volume 13
Issue 1
Start page 57
End page 76
Total pages 20
Subject 1102 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology
1314 Physiology
Abstract Although lupins (Lupinus angustifolius L.) are usually grown in slightly acidic soils covering the pH range 6.0 to 6.5, the response of lupin cultivars to a range of acid soil infertility factors has not been investigated. Effects of external Ca concentrations of 150 or 1000 pM and Σ activities of monomeric Al species (Al reactive with aluminon in 30 min, without acidification and heating; ΣaA1 mono) up to 80 pM on early growth and mineral composition in tops of three lupin cultivars (Unicrop, Uniharvest, and Uniwhite) were investigated in continuously flowing nutrient solution at pH 4.3 ± 0.1. The dry weight of tops of the three cultivars was generally similar in Uniwhite and Unicrop, and considerably lower in Uniharvest. The weight of tops increased by 24 to 39% while that of roots increased by 11 to 14% with an increase in Ca concentration from 150 to 1000 μM in Al-free solutions. At each Ca concentration, an increase in activity of monomeric Al resulted in a linear decrease in dry weight of tops (r2 = 0.516 to 0.961). The effect of Al on root weight was significant only in Uniwhite at both Ca concentrations and in Uniharvest at 150 pM Ca. The ΣaA1 mono. associated with a 10% decrease in dry weight of tops were 19, 22, and 24 pM at 150 pM Ca and 19, 18, and 20 pM at 1000 μM Ca for Uniwhite, Unicrop, and Uniharvest, respectively. The Al concentration in tops increased with an increase in ΣaA1 mono in solution at both 150 and 1000 pH Ca and was higher in plants grown at 150 μM Ca than at 1000 μM Ca. Significant negative correlations were found between the ΣaA1 mono solution or concentration of Al in tops and the concentrations of N, P, Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu, and Zn in the tops of the three cultivars.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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