Inhibition of progesterone secretion by a 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitor in late pregnant sheep

Jenkin G. and Thorburn G.D. (1985) Inhibition of progesterone secretion by a 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitor in late pregnant sheep. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 63 2: 136-142. doi:10.1139/y85-024


Author Jenkin G.
Thorburn G.D.
Title Inhibition of progesterone secretion by a 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitor in late pregnant sheep
Journal name Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0008-4212
Publication date 1985-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1139/y85-024
Volume 63
Issue 2
Start page 136
End page 142
Total pages 7
Language eng
Subject 1314 Physiology
3004 Pharmacology
Abstract The role of progesterone in the initiation of parturition in the sheep is unclear. Whether a decrease in plasma progesterone is the essential prerequisite for the initiation of parturition or whether other factors also maintain uterine quiescence until delivery is not known. The effect of withdrawal of progesterone on the initiation of parturition has been investigated by intravenous administration of trilostane, a 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase Δ isomerase inhibitor, to late pregnant sheep. Twenty-five or 100 mg trilostane caused a precipitous decrease in plasma progesterone to about 30% of preinjection levels. Progesterone remained depressed for up to 7 days after treatment. 13,14-Dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F(α) (PGFM) became elevated between 7 and 36 h after trilostane injection but gradually returned to preinjection levels during the subsequent 36 h, at a time when plasma progesterone was still depressed. Four of 11 animals treated with 100 or 200 mg trilostane aborted prematurely at a time when plasma PGFM was maximal and plasma progesterone minimal. There were no consistent changes in plasma estradiol-17β or ovine placental lactogen concentrations after treatment with trilostane. It is suggested that a decrease in plasma progesterone will cause a transient increase in plasma PGFM concentrations which can lead to the premature initiation of parturition. In some instances the myometrium does not appear to respond to the elevated PGFM concentrations even when the estrogen:progesterone ratio is elevated by a decrease in plasma progesterone.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import
 
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