Assessing the cost of global biodiversity and conservation knowledge

Juffe-Bignoli, Diego, Brooks, Thomas M., Butchart, Stuart H. M., Jenkins, Richard B., Boe, Kaia, Hoffmann, Michael, Angulo, Ariadne, Bachman, Steve, Bohm, Monika, Brummitt, Neil, Carpenter, Kent E., Comer, Pat J., Cox, Neil, Cuttelod, Annabelle, Darwall, William R. T., Di Marco, Moreno, Fishpool, Lincoln D. C., Goettsch, Barbara, Heath, Melanie, Hilton-Taylor, Craig, Hutton, Jon, Johnson, Tim, Joolia, Ackbar, Keith, David A., Langhammer, Penny F., Luedtke, Jennifer, Lughadha, Eimear Nic, Lutz, Maiko, May, Ian, Miller, Rebecca M., Oliveira-Mrinda, Maria A., Parr, Mike, Pollock, Caroline M., Ralph, Gina, Rodriguez, Jon Paul, Rondinini, Carlo, Smart, Jane, Stuart, Simon, Symes, Andy, Tordoff, Andrew W., Woodley, Stephen, Young, Bruce and Kingston, Naomi (2016) Assessing the cost of global biodiversity and conservation knowledge. PLoS ONE, 11 8: e0160640. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160640


Author Juffe-Bignoli, Diego
Brooks, Thomas M.
Butchart, Stuart H. M.
Jenkins, Richard B.
Boe, Kaia
Hoffmann, Michael
Angulo, Ariadne
Bachman, Steve
Bohm, Monika
Brummitt, Neil
Carpenter, Kent E.
Comer, Pat J.
Cox, Neil
Cuttelod, Annabelle
Darwall, William R. T.
Di Marco, Moreno
Fishpool, Lincoln D. C.
Goettsch, Barbara
Heath, Melanie
Hilton-Taylor, Craig
Hutton, Jon
Johnson, Tim
Joolia, Ackbar
Keith, David A.
Langhammer, Penny F.
Luedtke, Jennifer
Lughadha, Eimear Nic
Lutz, Maiko
May, Ian
Miller, Rebecca M.
Oliveira-Mrinda, Maria A.
Parr, Mike
Pollock, Caroline M.
Ralph, Gina
Rodriguez, Jon Paul
Rondinini, Carlo
Smart, Jane
Stuart, Simon
Symes, Andy
Tordoff, Andrew W.
Woodley, Stephen
Young, Bruce
Kingston, Naomi
Title Assessing the cost of global biodiversity and conservation knowledge
Journal name PLoS ONE   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2016-08-16
Year available 2016
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0160640
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 8
Start page e0160640
Total pages 22
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Language eng
Abstract Knowledge products comprise assessments of authoritative information supported by standards, governance, quality control, data, tools, and capacity building mechanisms. Considerable resources are dedicated to developing and maintaining knowledge products for biodiversity conservation, and they are widely used to inform policy and advise decision makers and practitioners. However, the financial cost of delivering this information is largely undocumented. We evaluated the costs and funding sources for developing and maintaining four global biodiversity and conservation knowledge products: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems, Protected Planet, and the World Database of Key Biodiversity Areas. These are secondary data sets, built on primary data collected by extensive networks of expert contributors worldwide. We estimate that US$160 million (range: US$116-204 million), plus 293 person-years of volunteer time (range: 278- 308 person-years) valued at US$ 14 million (range US$12-16 million), were invested in these four knowledge products between 1979 and 2013. More than half of this financing was provided through philanthropy, and nearly three-quarters was spent on personnel costs. The estimated annual cost of maintaining data and platforms for three of these knowledge products (excluding the IUCN Red List of Ecosystems for which annual costs were not possible to estimate for 2013) is US$6.5 million in total (range: US$6.2-6.7 million).We estimated that an additional US$114 million will be needed to reach pre-defined baselines of data coverage for all the four knowledge products, and that once achieved, annual maintenance costs will be approximately US$12 million. These costs are much lower than those to maintain many other, similarly important, global knowledge products. Ensuring that biodiversity and conservation knowledge products are sufficiently up to date, comprehensive and accurate is fundamental to inform decision-making for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. Thus, the development and implementation of plans for sustainable long-Term financing for them is critical.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Grant ID 1136586
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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