The effects of tunnel blockage and aspect ratio on the mean flow past a circular cylinder with Reynolds numbers between 104 and 105

West G.S. and Apelt C.J. (1982) The effects of tunnel blockage and aspect ratio on the mean flow past a circular cylinder with Reynolds numbers between 104 and 105. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 114 361-377. doi:10.1017/S0022112082000202


Author West G.S.
Apelt C.J.
Title The effects of tunnel blockage and aspect ratio on the mean flow past a circular cylinder with Reynolds numbers between 104 and 105
Journal name Journal of Fluid Mechanics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-7645
Publication date 1982-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0022112082000202
Volume 114
Start page 361
End page 377
Total pages 17
Subject 3104 Condensed Matter Physics
2211 Mechanics of Materials
2210 Mechanical Engineering
Abstract Results are presented of a series of experiments which were carried out with great care to produce accurate, comparable results in which the relatively small changes in the flow past a circular cylinder associated with varying blockage ratios can be clearly distinguished. The experiments cover a range of blockage from 2 to 16% and of aspect ratios from 4 to 10. End plates were fitted to the cylinders in all experiments. For blockage ratios less than 6y0, it is shown that the effects of blockage on pressure distribution and the drag coefficient arc small and that the Strouhal number is unaffected by blockage. For blockage ratios in the range 6-lSyo, there is considerable distortion of the flow due to blockage and the effects are complex. The pressure distribution is of a different form and the Strouhal number changes.However, conflicting influences result in a blocked drag coefficient which is not verydifferent from that at no blockage. Reduction in aspect ratio has effects on dragcoefficient and on base pressure coefficient which are similar to those associated with increase in blockage ratio.It is concluded that blockage correction procedures based on the momentum method and on the image method are unsatisfactory in their prediction of the unblocked drag coefficient but the momentum method predicts the unblocked base pressure coefficient quite well.
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Scopus Import - Archived
 
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